Taxation of Cryptocurrency Transactions under Nigeria Finance Act 2022.


The Nigeria Finance Act 2022 marks a significant turning point in the country’s approach to regulating and taxing cryptocurrency transactions. With the growing popularity of cryptocurrencies globally, governments are increasingly recognizing the need to integrate them into their tax frameworks. In this article, we will explore the key implications of the Nigeria Finance Act 2022 for the taxation of cryptocurrency transactions in the country.

  • Recognition of Cryptocurrencies:

The Act officially recognizes cryptocurrencies as a form of property and asset. This recognition provides clarity on the legal status of cryptocurrencies and their treatment under Nigerian law.

Implication: Cryptocurrency holders and traders now have legal backing for their activities, enhancing investor confidence and regulatory compliance.

  • Cryptocurrency Gains as Taxable Income:

Under the Act, gains derived from the sale or exchange of cryptocurrencies are considered taxable income. This includes gains from trading, mining, and any other cryptocurrency-related activity.

Implication: Cryptocurrency traders and investors are now subject to tax obligations on their gains, similar to other forms of income.

  • Withholding Tax on Cryptocurrency Transactions:

The Act introduces a withholding tax on cryptocurrency transactions. This means that parties involved in cryptocurrency transactions are required to deduct and remit a percentage of the transaction value to the tax authorities.

Implication: Parties involved in cryptocurrency transactions, such as exchanges and peer-to-peer platforms, are obligated to withhold tax, adding a layer of taxation to the process.

  • Taxation of Cryptocurrency Mining:

Cryptocurrency mining activities, which involve the validation of cryptocurrency transactions and creation of new units, are also subject to taxation. Miners are required to report their mining income for tax purposes.

Implication: Cryptocurrency miners need to account for their mining income and ensure compliance with tax obligations.

  • Transfer Pricing for Cryptocurrency Transactions:

The Act introduces transfer pricing regulations for cryptocurrency transactions involving related parties. This ensures that transactions between related entities, such as parent and subsidiary companies, are conducted at arm’s length.

Implication: Businesses involved in cryptocurrency transactions with related parties must ensure compliance with transfer pricing regulations.

  • Record Keeping and Reporting:

The Act emphasizes the importance of maintaining proper records and reporting for cryptocurrency transactions. Taxpayers are required to keep detailed records of their cryptocurrency activities and report them accurately to the tax authorities.

Implication: Cryptocurrency users must implement robust record-keeping practices to fulfill their tax obligations.


The Nigeria Finance Act 2022 represents a significant milestone in the regulation and taxation of cryptocurrency transactions in the country. By officially recognizing cryptocurrencies, taxing gains, introducing withholding tax, and implementing transfer pricing regulations, the Act brings cryptocurrencies within the ambit of Nigerian tax law. By doing so, stakeholders in the cryptocurrency ecosystem can ensure regulatory compliance, enhance transparency, and contribute to the development of a more structured and secure cryptocurrency market in Nigeria.

For professional advice on Accountancy, Transfer Pricing, Tax, Assurance, Outsourcing, online accounting support, Company Registration, and CAC matters, please contact Sunmola David & CO (Chartered Accountants & Tax Practitioners) at Lagos, Ogun state Nigeria offices, . You can also reach us via WhatsApp at +2348038460036.