VAT Compliance for Manufacturing and Production SMEs in Nigeria.

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Manufacturing and production SMEs play a vital role in Nigeria’s economy, contributing to job creation and industrial development. However, these businesses also face complex tax obligations, including Value Added Tax (VAT) compliance. Navigating VAT regulations can be challenging for SMEs in this sector, but with proper planning and understanding, compliance can be optimized. As a reputable accounting firm in Nigeria, we aim to provide valuable insights and guidance on VAT compliance for manufacturing and production SMEs to help them achieve financial integrity and growth.

  • Understanding VAT in the Manufacturing and Production Sector:

VAT is a consumption tax levied on the value added to goods and services at each stage of the supply chain. For manufacturing and production SMEs, VAT applies to both the acquisition of raw materials and the sale of finished goods.

  • VAT Registration:

Manufacturing and production SMEs in Nigeria are required to register for VAT with the Nigerian Federal Inland Revenue Service (FIRS) once their annual turnover exceeds the mandatory VAT registration threshold (currently ₦25 million). Voluntary registration is also available for SMEs below the threshold to optimize input VAT recovery.

  • VAT on Raw Materials:

Manufacturing and production SMEs must account for VAT on the acquisition of raw materials. Input VAT on raw materials can be recovered and offset against output VAT liabilities on the sale of finished goods.

  • Input VAT Recovery:

Proper record-keeping and VAT coding of expenses are essential for successful input VAT recovery. SMEs must keep detailed records of all business-related expenses to maximize input VAT credits.

  • VAT Invoicing:

Manufacturing and production SMEs must issue VAT invoices to their customers for the sale of taxable goods. VAT must be clearly stated separately on the invoices.

  • Export Incentives:

Manufacturing and production SMEs involved in exporting goods may benefit from VAT incentives, such as zero-rating on exported goods. SMEs must comply with specific documentation requirements to qualify for these incentives.

  • VAT Refunds:

Manufacturing and production SMEs with excess input VAT credits may be eligible for VAT refunds. Timely filing of VAT refund claims is essential to access these funds.

  • Compliance with VAT Filing and Reporting:

Manufacturing and production SMEs must file their VAT returns promptly, typically on a monthly or quarterly basis, depending on their turnover. Timely and accurate VAT filing is crucial to avoid penalties.

  • VAT on By-Products and Waste:

SMEs in this sector should understand the VAT treatment of by-products and waste generated during the production process to ensure compliance with VAT regulations.

  • Collaboration with Tax Professionals:

Navigating VAT compliance in the manufacturing and production sector can be complex. Engaging with tax professionals or accounting experts can provide valuable guidance, ensuring SMEs adhere to VAT regulations and optimize input VAT recovery.


VAT compliance is essential for manufacturing and production SMEs in Nigeria to maintain financial integrity, meet their tax obligations, and optimize cash flow. Understanding VAT regulations, proper record-keeping, VAT invoicing, input VAT recovery, and compliance with VAT filing requirements are vital for successful VAT compliance.

For professional advice on Accountancy, Transfer Pricing, Tax, Assurance, Outsourcing, online accounting support, Company Registration, and CAC matters, please contact Sunmola David & CO (Chartered Accountants & Tax Practitioners) at Lagos, Ogun state Nigeria offices, You can also reach us via WhatsApp at +2348038460036.