VAT Treatment of Financial Services for Small and Medium-Scale Businesses.


Small and Medium-Scale Businesses (SMEs) in Nigeria rely on financial services to support their operations, access capital, and manage their finances effectively. However, understanding the Value Added Tax (VAT) treatment of financial services can be challenging for SMEs. As a reputable accounting firm in Nigeria, we aim to provide clarity on the VAT implications for financial services availed by SMEs to help them optimize their tax planning and ensure compliance with VAT regulations.

  • VAT Exemption on Financial Services:

In Nigeria, most financial services are exempt from VAT. Exempt services include loans, advances, overdraft facilities, and other credit transactions provided by financial institutions.

  • Input VAT Recovery Limitation:

Since financial services are exempt from VAT, SMEs cannot claim input VAT recovery on expenses directly related to obtaining these services. Input VAT on expenses such as bank charges or interest incurred on loans is generally not recoverable.

  • VAT on Other Services Rendered by Financial Institutions:

While core financial services are exempt, financial institutions may also provide non-financial services, such as legal, advisory, or consultancy services, which are not exempt from VAT. SMEs should be aware of the VAT implications on such services when availing them from financial institutions.

  • VAT on Bank Charges:

Bank charges for routine services, such as account maintenance fees, ATM fees, or transaction charges, are typically subject to VAT. SMEs should verify if these charges are included in the bank statements and account for the VAT accordingly.

  • VAT on Foreign Currency Transactions:

SMEs involved in international trade or foreign currency transactions should understand the VAT treatment on foreign currency exchange services provided by financial institutions. Foreign exchange services may be subject to VAT.

  • Collaboration with Tax Professionals:

Navigating the VAT treatment of financial services can be complex. Engaging with tax professionals or VAT specialists can provide valuable guidance, ensuring SMEs understand the VAT implications and optimize their tax planning.

  • Proper Record-Keeping:

SMEs should maintain accurate records of all transactions with financial institutions, including bank statements, invoices, and receipts, to facilitate VAT reporting and compliance.

  • Education and Awareness:

SMEs should educate their finance and accounting teams about the VAT treatment of financial services to ensure accurate VAT reporting and compliance.


Understanding the VAT treatment of financial services is crucial for SMEs in Nigeria to optimize tax planning and comply with VAT regulations. As most financial services are exempt from VAT, SMEs should be aware of the limitations on input VAT recovery related to financial services. Proper record-keeping, collaboration with tax professionals, and educating finance teams will help SMEs navigate the complexities of VAT treatment for financial services.

For professional advice on Accountancy, Transfer Pricing, Tax, Assurance, Outsourcing, online accounting support, Company Registration, and CAC matters, please contact Sunmola David & CO (Chartered Accountants & Tax Practitioners) at Lagos, Ogun state Nigeria offices, You can also reach us via WhatsApp at +2348038460036.