CIT and Manufacturing Industry: Leveraging Incentives for Industrial Growth in Nigeria.


The manufacturing industry plays a pivotal role in the economic development of Nigeria, contributing significantly to job creation, economic diversification and export potential. To promote and sustain growth in this critical sector, the Nigerian government has implemented various incentives and tax benefits under the Companies Income Tax (CIT) Act. In this article, we will explore how manufacturing companies can leverage these incentives to drive industrial growth and contribute to the nation’s economic prosperity.

Tax Incentives for the Manufacturing Industry:

  1. Pioneer Status: One of the most significant incentives available to manufacturers in Nigeria is the Pioneer Status incentive. It grants eligible companies a tax holiday, exempting them from paying CIT for an initial period of up to five years, with the possibility of an extension. This allows businesses to reinvest their profits for expansion and innovation.
  2. Investment Tax Credit: Manufacturers can benefit from Investment Tax Credit (ITC) which provides a tax credit of 10% on the cost of eligible plant, machinery and equipment for manufacturing purposes. This incentive reduces the overall tax burden on businesses and encourages modernization and technological advancement.
  3. Export Expansion Grant (EEG): The EEG is designed to support Nigerian manufacturers’ efforts to expand into international markets. It provides a grant of between 30% and 50% of the cost of eligible products and commodities for export, helping companies become more competitive in global markets.
  4. Research and Development (R&D) Tax Credit: Manufacturing companies investing in R&D activities may qualify for R&D tax credits, encouraging innovation and product development.
  5. Customs and Excise Duty Waivers: Some manufacturing inputs, machinery and raw materials are eligible for waivers on customs and excise duties, reducing production costs for manufacturers.
  6. Import Duty Waivers: Under specific circumstances, manufacturers may be granted import duty waivers on machinery and equipment not readily available in Nigeria, promoting technological advancement.

Leveraging Incentives for Industrial Growth:

Manufacturers can optimize these incentives to drive industrial growth:

  1. Strategic Investment: Plan and execute investments strategically to take full advantage of tax holidays and ITC benefits. This includes identifying eligible assets and ensuring proper documentation.
  2. Export Diversification: Explore opportunities to expand into new export markets, leveraging the EEG. Diversification reduces risk and enhances long-term sustainability.
  3. Continuous Innovation: Invest in R&D to not only stay competitive but also qualify for R&D tax credits, which can reduce tax liability.
  4. Compliance and Record-Keeping: Maintain accurate records of transactions, tax filings and compliance documentation to demonstrate eligibility for incentives.
  5. Professional Guidance: Engage with tax professionals who specialize in the manufacturing sector to navigate complex tax regulations effectively.


The manufacturing industry in Nigeria holds enormous potential for growth and economic development. Leveraging the available tax incentives under the CIT Act is not only a sound financial strategy but also a way for manufacturers to contribute to the nation’s industrial growth and job creation. By aligning business strategies with tax incentives, manufacturers can play a crucial role in driving Nigeria’s economic diversification and prosperity.

For professional advice on Accountancy, Transfer Pricing, Tax, Assurance, Outsourcing, online accounting support, Company Registration, and CAC matters, please contact Sunmola David & CO (Chartered Accountants & Tax Practitioners) at Lagos, Ogun state Nigeria offices, You can also reach us via WhatsApp at +2348038460036.