Updates on Custom Duties: Finance Act 2019 Changes for Importers and Exporters.


Customs duties are a critical component of international trade, affecting both importers and exporters. In Nigeria, the Finance Act 2019 introduced significant changes to the customs duties regime, impacting how goods are imported and exported. These changes aim to streamline processes, enhance revenue collection, and support economic growth. In this article, we will explore the key updates on customs duties brought about by the Finance Act 2019 and their implications for importers and exporters.

1. Reduction in Import Duty on Tractors and Transport Vehicles: One of the notable changes introduced by the Act is a reduction in the import duty on tractors and transport vehicles. This reduction aims to promote agriculture and transportation, aligning with the government’s efforts to diversify the economy.

2. Elimination of Import Duty on Aviation Fuel: The Finance Act 2019 eliminated import duty on aviation fuel, making it more affordable for airlines. This supports the aviation industry’s growth and encourages international trade and tourism.

3. Introduction of Excise Duty on Carbonated Drinks: The Act introduced an excise duty on carbonated drinks. This has implications for both importers of the drinks and local producers. Importers must factor in the excise duty when bringing these products into the country.

4. Excise Duty on Tobacco and Alcoholic Beverages: The Act increased excise duties on tobacco and alcoholic beverages, impacting importers and local manufacturers. This change aims to discourage excessive consumption of these products while increasing government revenue.

5. Zero Import Duty on Commercial Aircraft and Aircraft Spare Parts: To promote the aviation industry, the Finance Act 2019 removed import duty on commercial aircraft and aircraft spare parts. This supports airlines’ operations and reduces the cost of maintaining aircraft.

6. Changes in Export Duties: The Act also made changes to export duties. Exporters should stay informed about these changes to ensure accurate pricing and compliance with export regulations.

7. Compliance and Reporting: Importers and exporters are required to maintain accurate records, calculate duties correctly and fulfill their reporting obligations to customs authorities. Compliance is essential to avoid penalties and ensure smooth trade operations.


The Finance Act 2019’s changes to customs duties in Nigeria reflect the government’s commitment to supporting economic growth, international trade and responsible consumption. Importers and exporters should be aware of these changes and their implications for their businesses. Accurate compliance with these regulations is essential for efficient trade operations and responsible tax practices. By understanding and adhering to the new provisions, importers and exporters can contribute to a more transparent and prosperous trade environment in Nigeria.

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