Understanding the Nigeria Finance Act 2022: Key Changes and Implications for Businesses in Nigeria.


As a leading accounting firm in Nigeria, we are committed to keeping our clients informed about the latest developments in financial regulations and legislation that impact their businesses. In this article, we will delve into the Nigeria Finance Act 2022, outlining its key changes and exploring the far-reaching implications it holds for businesses operating within the country’s vibrant economic landscape.

  • Emphasis on Digital Economy:

One of the defining features of the Nigeria Finance Act 2022 is its focus on the digital economy. With the rapid growth of e-commerce and digital transactions, the Act introduces a Digital Services Tax (DST) aimed at ensuring that multinational tech giants pay their fair share of taxes on income generated within Nigeria. This measure seeks to level the playing field for local businesses while generating additional revenue for the government.

Implication: Businesses operating in the digital space, whether multinational corporations or local startups, need to assess their tax liabilities under the new DST provisions to ensure compliance with the Act.

  • Changes in Corporate Taxation:

The Nigeria Finance Act 2022 brings significant changes to corporate taxation, particularly regarding the computation of taxable profits. It introduces the Group Consolidated Relief (GCR), allowing eligible companies within a group to offset their losses against the profits of other group entities. Additionally, the Act amends Thin Capitalization rules, impacting the deductibility of interest on related-party loans.

Implication: Companies with subsidiaries or related-party transactions must carefully assess the impact of these changes on their tax positions and consider optimizing their group structures to maximize tax benefits.

  • Personal Income Tax Reforms:

For individuals, the Act introduces some notable reforms in personal income tax. It adjusts the income tax bands and rates, ensuring progressive taxation and providing some relief for low and middle-income earners. Additionally, there are provisions for tax deductions on certain investments and insurance premiums.

Implication: Individuals should review their tax positions, considering potential tax savings through investment and insurance opportunities offered under the Act.

  • Value Added Tax (VAT) Updates:

The Nigeria Finance Act 2022 expands the scope of VAT, bringing certain digital services into the tax net. Non-resident companies providing digital services to Nigerian customers now have an obligation to register for VAT and remit the tax to the authorities. Moreover, the Act increases the VAT registration threshold for businesses to encourage small businesses’ growth.

Implication: Businesses must assess their transactions and evaluate whether they fall under the new VAT obligations. This might necessitate updating their accounting systems and registration with the tax authorities.

  • Tax Incentives and Reliefs:

Recognizing the significance of supporting specific industries, the Act introduces tax incentives and reliefs to stimulate economic growth. For instance, companies investing in the agricultural sector and those engaged in research and development (R&D) activities enjoy preferential tax treatments. Furthermore, tax credits for infrastructure projects are introduced to foster investment in critical sectors.

Implication: Businesses operating in the identified priority sectors should leverage these incentives to optimize their tax positions and contribute to the country’s economic growth.


The Nigeria Finance Act 2022 brings about crucial changes that significantly impact businesses across various sectors in the country. From taxation reforms and digital economy focus to incentives for key industries, these changes require a proactive approach from businesses to ensure compliance and capitalize on the available opportunities.

As a reputable accounting firm, we advise our clients to stay abreast of the Act’s provisions and seek professional guidance to navigate the complexities of the new tax landscape effectively. By doing so, businesses can not only meet their compliance obligations but also strategize to thrive in Nigeria’s evolving financial environment. Together, let’s embrace the changes, seize opportunities, and build a stronger, more resilient business landscape for the future.

For professional advice on Accountancy, Transfer Pricing, Tax, Assurance, Outsourcing, online accounting support, Company Registration, and CAC matters, please contact Sunmola David & CO (Chartered Accountants & Tax Practitioners) at Lagos, Ogun state Nigeria offices, www.sunmoladavid.com. You can also reach us via WhatsApp at +2348038460036.