Understanding Capital Gains Tax Amendments in 2021 in Nigeria.


The year 2021 brought notable amendments to the Capital Gains Tax (CGT) regime in Nigeria, aiming to improve revenue collection and align with international best practices. In this article, we provide insights into the key amendments to CGT in 2021 and their implications for individuals and businesses in Nigeria.

Overview of Capital Gains Tax (CGT):

Capital Gains Tax is a tax imposed on the gains or profits made from the disposal of certain assets. When individuals or businesses sell or transfer assets such as real estate, stocks, or securities at a profit, they are subject to CGT on the capital gain realized from the transaction.

Key Amendments to CGT in 2021

  • Increase in CGT Rate:

The Finance Act 2021 introduced an increase in the Capital Gains Tax rate. Prior to the amendment, the CGT rate was fixed at 10% for individuals and corporations. However, with the new provisions, the CGT rate for individuals has been revised to 10% on gains realized from the disposal of assets, while the rate for corporations is now 10% on gains derived from the disposal of assets that are not connected with their trade or business.

  • CGT Exemption on Sale of Principal Residence:

One of the significant changes introduced in 2021 is the exemption of CGT on the sale of an individual’s principal residence. Prior to this amendment, CGT was applicable on gains realized from the sale of residential properties. The exemption aims to provide relief for homeowners who sell their primary residence.

  • Extension of CGT Exemption for Companies’ Mergers and Reorganizations:

The Finance Act 2021 extended the CGT exemption for companies involved in mergers, acquisitions, and reorganizations. Gains arising from these transactions are now exempt from CGT, provided certain conditions are met. This measure is intended to encourage business restructuring and consolidation.

Implications for Individuals and Businesses:

  • Tax Planning Considerations:

The increase in CGT rates for individuals and corporations necessitates careful tax planning for asset disposals. Individuals and businesses should assess the potential impact of CGT on their transactions and explore tax-efficient strategies.

  • Impact on Investment Decisions:

The amendments to CGT may influence investment decisions for individuals and businesses. Investors should consider the tax implications when buying or selling assets, particularly in determining the timing of such transactions.

  • Compliance and Record-Keeping:

With the changes in CGT rates and exemptions, individuals and businesses must ensure compliance with the new regulations. Accurate record-keeping and timely filing of CGT returns are essential to avoid penalties.


The Capital Gains Tax amendments in 2021 have significant implications for individuals and businesses in Nigeria. By staying informed and proactive, individuals and businesses can navigate the evolving CGT landscape in Nigeria, ensuring tax efficiency and contributing to the country’s economic growth. Our expert guidance empowers clients to make informed financial decisions and thrive in the face of changing tax regulations.

For professional advice on Accountancy, Transfer Pricing, Tax, Assurance, Outsourcing, online accounting support, Company Registration, and CAC matters, please contact Sunmola David & CO (Chartered Accountants & Tax Practitioners) at Lagos, Ogun state Nigeria offices, www.sunmoladavid.com. You can also reach us via WhatsApp at +2348038460036.