The Evolution of Nigeria’s Tax Landscape: Insights from the Finance Acts


Nigeria’s tax landscape has experienced a transformative journey in recent years, driven by a series of Finance Acts implemented by the government. As a reputable accounting firm in Nigeria, we recognize the profound impact these acts have had on businesses, individuals, and the overall economy. In this article, we delve into the evolution of Nigeria’s tax landscape by examining the key insights gleaned from the Finance Acts.

1. A Shift towards Ease of Doing Business – Finance Act 2019

The Nigeria Finance Act 2019 marked a crucial turning point in the country’s fiscal policies. The act embraced the principle of ease of doing business by implementing measures to simplify tax compliance and reduce the burden on businesses. The reduction of the Value Added Tax (VAT) rate from 5% to 7.5% and the exemption of small businesses with low turnover from company income tax (CIT) exemplified the government’s commitment to supporting entrepreneurship and encouraging investment.

2. Adapting to Global Challenges – Finance Act 2020

The Nigeria Finance Act 2020 demonstrated the government’s ability to adapt quickly to global challenges, such as the COVID-19 pandemic. The act aimed to mitigate the pandemic’s economic impact by providing tax incentives to companies that donated to the COVID-19 relief fund and offering tax exemptions on specific medical supplies. The act also introduced provisions to capture revenue from the digital economy, reflecting the changing nature of commerce in the modern world.3. Diversifying Revenue Sources – Finance Act 2021

The Nigeria Finance Act 2021 focused on revenue diversification and addressing long-standing fiscal issues. It introduced measures to expand the tax base and increase revenue collection, including taxes on foreign digital services and the closure of VAT loopholes. Additionally, the act offered a tax amnesty program to encourage individuals and businesses to regularize their tax affairs, aiming to boost voluntary compliance.

4. Enhancing Compliance and Administration – Finance Act 2022

The Nigeria Finance Act 2022 aimed to enhance tax compliance and administration in the country. By establishing a tax tribunal, the government sought to expedite dispute resolution and provide a more efficient tax dispute resolution process. Stricter penalties for tax evasion and money laundering were introduced to deter potential offenders and promote a culture of tax compliance

5. Strengthening Revenue Generation – Finance Act 2023

The Nigeria Finance Act 2023 represents the government’s continued efforts to strengthen revenue generation. Through measures such as broadening the tax base, curbing tax evasion, and streamlining tax administration, the government aims to optimize revenue collection. The act also introduces tax incentives to promote economic growth, supports small and medium enterprises (SMEs), and addresses environmental concerns through green taxation.


The evolution of Nigeria’s tax landscape through the Finance Acts reflects the government’s commitment to modernizing and optimizing the country’s fiscal policies. From promoting ease of doing business to adapting to global challenges and diversifying revenue sources, each act has played a crucial role in shaping the nation’s tax environment.

As an accounting firm in Nigeria, understanding the insights from these Finance Acts is essential in providing valuable tax advisory services to clients. Compliance with the changing tax landscape is key for businesses and individuals to thrive while contributing to Nigeria’s economic development.

Looking ahead, it is evident that Nigeria’s tax landscape will continue to evolve in response to economic, technological, and environmental shifts. As taxpayers navigate these changes, seeking professional guidance from accounting firms will be crucial in maximizing tax benefits and ensuring sustainable growth in this dynamic tax environment.

For professional advice on Accountancy, Transfer Pricing, Tax, Assurance, Outsourcing, Company Registration, and CAC matters, please contact Sunmola David & CO (Chartered Accountants & Tax Practitioners) at You can also reach us via WhatsApp at +2348038460036.