Tax Compliance and Enforcement Measures in Nigeria Finance Act 2023



Tax Compliance and Enforcement Measures in Nigeria Finance Act 2023




As a reputable accounting firm in Nigeria, we recognize the crucial role that tax compliance plays in supporting the nation’s economic growth and development. The Nigeria Finance Act 2023 introduces several measures aimed at enhancing tax compliance and enforcement in the country. In this article, we delve into the key tax compliance and enforcement provisions of the Nigeria Finance Act 2023 and their implications for businesses and individuals.


Overview of the Nigeria Finance Act 2023


The Nigeria Finance Act 2023, enacted on January 1, 2023, represents the government’s commitment to strengthening tax administration, improving revenue collection, and fostering a fair and transparent tax system. The Act introduces various reforms to promote tax compliance, detect tax evasion, and ensure accountability.


Key Tax Compliance and Enforcement Measures


  1. Tax Identification Number (TIN) Requirement: The Nigeria Finance Act 2023 emphasizes the importance of obtaining a valid TIN for individuals and businesses. TIN may be mandatory for specific transactions, and non-compliance may result in penalties and restrictions.


  1. Significant Economic Presence (SEP) for Non-Resident Taxation: The Act introduces the concept of SEP to tax non-resident companies with significant economic presence in Nigeria. This measure aims to ensure that non-resident companies contribute their fair share of taxes to the Nigerian economy.


  1. Digital Services Tax (DST): The Finance Act 2023 imposes DST on non-resident companies providing digital services to Nigerian consumers. This move captures revenue from the growing digital economy and promotes tax transparency.


  1. Review of Capital Gains Tax (CGT) Base Year: The Act modifies the base year for calculating CGT on assets acquired before January 1, 2018. This change aims to ensure a more accurate and transparent calculation of capital gains.


  1. Penalties for Tax Offences: The Nigeria Finance Act 2023 introduces stricter penalties for tax offenses and non-compliance. Offenders may face fines, interest on unpaid taxes, and criminal prosecution, reinforcing the importance of adhering to tax laws.


  1. Whistleblower Incentive: The Act introduces incentives for whistleblowers who provide credible information on tax evaders, promoting tax enforcement and discouraging tax evasion.


  1. Exchange of Information with Foreign Tax Authorities: The Finance Act 2023 enables the exchange of tax information with foreign tax authorities to prevent tax evasion and improve international tax compliance.


Implications and What Individuals and Businesses Can Do


The Nigeria Finance Act 2023’s tax compliance and enforcement measures have implications for individuals and businesses:


  1. TIN Compliance: Individuals and businesses should obtain a valid TIN and ensure compliance with TIN requirements for various transactions.


  1. Non-Resident Taxation: Non-resident companies with a significant economic presence in Nigeria should be aware of their tax obligations and ensure compliance with SEP provisions.


  1. Digital Services Tax (DST) Compliance: Non-resident digital companies providing services to Nigerian consumers should register for DST and fulfill their tax obligations.


  1. Capital Gains Tax Planning: Individuals selling assets should consider the CGT base year review when calculating their tax liabilities.


  1. Penalty Avoidance: To avoid penalties and legal consequences, individuals and businesses must comply with tax regulations and fulfill their tax obligations on time.




The Nigeria Finance Act 2023 introduces significant tax compliance and enforcement measures to promote a fair and transparent tax system in Nigeria. By enhancing tax administration, imposing penalties for non-compliance, and encouraging international tax cooperation, the Act aims to foster tax compliance and improve revenue collection for the government.


At [Your Accounting Firm], we are committed to assisting individuals and businesses in navigating the complexities of the Nigeria Finance Act 2023. Our expert team can provide personalized tax planning and advisory services, ensuring your tax compliance while optimizing your financial position within the framework of the Act.


Disclaimer: This article is for informational purposes only and should not be considered as legal or financial advice. Readers are advised to consult with professional advisors to understand how the Nigeria Finance Act 2023 specifically impacts their tax compliance and enforcement obligations.


For professional advice on Accountancy, Transfer Pricing, Tax, Assurance, Outsourcing, Company Registration, and CAC matters, please contact Sunmola David & CO (Chartered Accountants & Tax Practitioners) at You can also reach us via WhatsApp at +2348038460036.