Impact of Nigeria Finance Act 2020 on Foreign Direct Investment

foreign investment







As a leading accounting firm in Nigeria, we understand the importance of foreign direct investment (FDI) in driving economic growth and development in the country. The Nigeria Finance Act 2020 introduces several measures that have a significant impact on FDI. In this article, we explore the key provisions of the Nigeria Finance Act 2020 and their implications for foreign investors considering investing in Nigeria.


Overview of the Nigeria Finance Act 2020


The Nigeria Finance Act 2020, signed into law on January 13, 2021, aims to address fiscal challenges, stimulate economic growth, and enhance revenue generation. The Act introduces various tax reforms and provisions that affect foreign investors and businesses seeking to invest in Nigeria.


Impact on Foreign Direct Investment


  1. Taxation of Non-Resident Companies: The Nigeria Finance Act 2020 introduces the concept of Significant Economic Presence (SEP) to tax non-resident companies with significant economic presence in Nigeria. This measure aims to ensure that non-resident companies contributing to the Nigerian economy pay their fair share of taxes. Foreign companies with digital operations or significant economic activities in Nigeria may be subject to taxation under this provision.


2 Capital Gains Tax (CGT) on Real Estate Transactions: The Act imposes CGT on gains from the sale of real estate assets in Nigeria. Foreign investors in the Nigerian real estate market may be subject to CGT when disposing of their property holdings.


  1. Stamp Duty on Foreign Transactions: The Nigeria Finance Act 2020 reinforces the stamp duty obligations on various transactions, including foreign contracts and agreements. Foreign investors conducting business in Nigeria should be aware of their stamp duty obligations to avoid penalties.


  1. Digital Services Tax (DST): The Act introduces DST on certain digital services provided by non-resident companies to Nigerian consumers. Foreign technology companies offering digital services in Nigeria may be subject to DST.


  1. Tax Incentives for Infrastructure Investment: The Act offers tax incentives for businesses investing in critical infrastructure projects in Nigeria. Foreign investors contributing to infrastructure development may benefit from these incentives.


Implications for Foreign Investors


  1. Tax Planning and Compliance: Foreign investors should carefully plan their tax strategies to optimize their tax position and ensure compliance with the new tax regulations introduced by the Nigeria Finance Act 2020.


  1. Digital Services Tax (DST) Compliance: Foreign technology companies providing digital services to Nigerian consumers should assess their DST obligations and ensure compliance.


  1. Real Estate Investments: Foreign investors in the Nigerian real estate market should factor in the CGT implications when considering property transactions.


  1. Infrastructure Investment: The tax incentives for infrastructure investment provide opportunities for foreign investors to contribute to Nigeria’s development while enjoying potential tax benefits.




The Nigeria Finance Act 2020 introduces significant provisions that impact foreign direct investment in the country. While the Act aims to promote tax fairness and revenue generation, foreign investors need to be aware of the tax implications and compliance requirements when investing in Nigeria.


At [Your Accounting Firm], we are committed to assisting foreign investors in navigating the complexities of the Nigeria Finance Act 2020. Our expert team can provide personalized tax planning and advisory services, enabling you to make informed investment decisions and contribute to Nigeria’s economic growth and development.


Disclaimer: This article is for informational purposes only and should not be considered as legal or financial advice. Readers are advised to consult with professional advisors to understand how the Nigeria Finance Act 2020 specifically impacts their foreign direct investment activities in Nigeria.

For professional advice on Accountancy, Transfer Pricing, Tax, Assurance, Outsourcing, Company Registration, and CAC matters, please contact Sunmola David & CO (Chartered Accountants & Tax Practitioners) at You can also reach us via WhatsApp at +2348038460036.