Nigeria Finance Act 2022 and Customs Duties: Changes and Impact


Customs duties play a crucial role in Nigeria’s economy, influencing trade, revenue generation, and the overall competitiveness of industries. The Nigeria Finance Act 2022 introduces significant changes to the customs duties regime, aiming to streamline processes, enhance trade facilitation, and boost economic growth. As a reputable accounting firm in Nigeria, we delve into the key changes brought about by the Finance Act 2022 and their potential impact on businesses and the economy.

1. Simplified Customs Tariffs:

The Finance Act 2022 seeks to simplify customs tariffs by harmonizing rates and eliminating redundancies. The Act reduces the number of tariff bands and standardizes rates to create a more transparent and predictable customs system.

This simplification is expected to facilitate trade, reduce delays at ports, and promote investment, making it easier for businesses to plan and comply with customs duties.

2. Trade Facilitation Measures:

The Finance Act 2022 emphasizes trade facilitation by introducing measures to expedite customs clearance processes. The Act aims to reduce bureaucratic bottlenecks, streamline documentation requirements, and enhance the use of technology in customs operations.

By promoting smoother and more efficient trade procedures, the Act enhances Nigeria’s position as a business-friendly destination and supports economic growth.

3. Tariff Protection and Economic Diversification:

The Finance Act 2022 addresses tariff protection and economic diversification objectives. The Act revises tariffs on specific goods to provide protection for domestic industries, encourage local production, and reduce dependence on imports.

By fostering an environment that supports domestic industries, the Act aims to promote economic diversification and reduce Nigeria’s reliance on imported goods.

4. Exemptions and Incentives for Priority Goods:

The Finance Act 2022 introduces exemptions and incentives for the importation of priority goods. Certain essential items and machinery used for strategic sectors may benefit from reduced or waived customs duties to promote investments and enhance local production.

These incentives encourage businesses to invest in critical industries and contribute to the growth of Nigeria’s economy.

5. Compliance and Enforcement:

The Finance Act 2022 emphasizes compliance and enforcement measures to deter customs duty evasion and improve revenue collection. The Act grants the Nigeria Customs Service (NCS) additional powers to enforce customs duties, investigate fraudulent activities, and impose penalties for non-compliance.

Heightened enforcement aims to minimize revenue leakages and ensure a fair and level playing field for businesses operating in Nigeria.


The Nigeria Finance Act 2022 brings about significant changes to the customs duties regime, promoting trade facilitation, economic diversification, and revenue optimization. The Act’s emphasis on simplified customs tariffs, trade facilitation measures, and protection for domestic industries fosters a conducive environment for businesses and investors.

As a reputable accounting firm in Nigeria, we advise businesses to stay informed about the Act’s provisions and seek professional guidance to comply with customs duties effectively. By embracing the changes brought about by the Finance Act 2022, Nigeria can bolster its position as a dynamic and competitive player in the global market, driving economic growth and prosperity for the nation.

For professional advice on Accountancy, Transfer Pricing, Tax, Assurance, Outsourcing, Company Registration, and CAC matters, please contact Sunmola David & CO (Chartered Accountants & Tax Practitioners) at You can also reach us via WhatsApp at +2348038460036.