Navigating PAYE Tax Compliance in Nigeria: Common Pitfalls to Avoid.

Employment Income Tax (PAYE) in Kenya - ANZIANO CONSULTANTS


Pay-As-You-Earn (PAYE) tax is a critical component of Nigeria’s taxation system, impacting both employers and employees. While it is essential for businesses to meet their PAYE tax obligations accurately, navigating PAYE tax compliance can be challenging due to its complexity. In this article, we will explore some common pitfalls that businesses should avoid to ensure seamless PAYE tax compliance.

1. Inaccurate Calculation of Taxable Income: One of the most common pitfalls is inaccurately calculating taxable income. Employers must correctly identify and include all taxable components, such as salaries, allowances, bonuses and benefits in kind. Failing to account for these elements can result in underreporting and underpayment of PAYE tax.

2. Incorrect Application of Tax Rates: Nigeria has progressive tax rates for PAYE tax, meaning that individuals with higher incomes are subject to higher tax rates. Using the wrong tax rate when calculating deductions can lead to either over-deductions or under-deductions, causing issues for both employers and employees. It is essential to apply the correct tax bands to each employee based on their income level.

3. Neglecting Exemptions and Reliefs: Certain exemptions and reliefs can significantly impact the amount of PAYE tax owed. Employers should be aware of these exemptions and reliefs and apply them correctly to reduce the tax liability for employees. Neglecting to do so can result in employees paying more tax than necessary.

4. Inadequate Record Keeping: Accurate record-keeping is crucial for PAYE tax compliance. Employers must maintain meticulous records of employee earnings, deductions and remittances. Inadequate record keeping not only hinders compliance but can also lead to penalties during tax audits.

5. Delayed Remittances: Timely remittance of deducted PAYE tax is essential. Delayed remittances can result in penalties and interest charges, adding unnecessary costs to the business. Employers should establish efficient payroll systems to ensure deductions are remitted promptly.

6. Misclassification of Employees: Misclassifying employees as independent contractors or vice versa can lead to PAYE tax compliance issues. Each category has distinct tax implications, and misclassification can result in incorrect tax deductions and liabilities.

7. Lack of Awareness of Changes in Tax Laws: Tax laws and regulations, including PAYE tax regulations, can change. Employers must stay informed about any updates or changes in tax laws that may affect their PAYE tax obligations. Failure to do so can result in non-compliance.

8. Poor Employee Communication: Employees should be educated and informed about their PAYE tax deductions. Poor communication can lead to misunderstandings and dissatisfaction among employees. Clear and transparent communication can foster compliance and employee understanding.


Navigating PAYE tax compliance in Nigeria requires careful attention to detail, accuracy and awareness of tax laws. Avoiding common pitfalls, such as inaccurate calculations, misclassification of employees, and delayed remittances, is essential for businesses seeking seamless compliance.

Engaging with tax professionals or collaborating with the State Inland Revenue Service (SIRS) for guidance can help businesses steer clear of these pitfalls and ensure accurate PAYE tax compliance. By prioritizing compliance and understanding the intricacies of PAYE tax, businesses not only fulfill their legal obligations but also contribute to a transparent and responsible tax environment in Nigeria.

For professional advice on Accountancy, Transfer Pricing, Tax, Assurance, Outsourcing, online accounting support, Company Registration, and CAC matters, please contact Sunmola David & CO (Chartered Accountants & Tax Practitioners) at Lagos, Ogun state Nigeria offices, You can also reach us via WhatsApp at +2348038460036.