Mitigating Risks and Challenges: Finance Act 2020 for Nigerian Companies.


The Finance Act 2020 represents a significant overhaul of Nigeria’s tax landscape, introducing far-reaching changes that affect businesses across various sectors. While these changes provide opportunities for growth and development, they also present risks and challenges that Nigerian companies must navigate effectively. In this article, we will explore some of the key risks and challenges posed by the Finance Act 2020 and provide insights on how businesses can mitigate them.

Understanding the Finance Act 2020:

The Finance Act 2020 was enacted to address various fiscal challenges, enhance revenue generation, and create a more favorable business environment in Nigeria. However, its amendments carry implications that necessitate proactive risk management.

Key Risks and Challenges:

  • Transfer Pricing Regulations:
    • Challenge: The Act strengthens transfer pricing regulations, requiring related-party transactions to comply with arm’s length pricing principles. This may lead to additional compliance burdens.
    • Mitigation: Companies engaging in related-party transactions should engage tax professionals to navigate the complexities of transfer pricing and ensure compliance.
  • Capital Gains Tax (CGT) Amendments:
    • Challenge: Amendments to CGT provisions may affect the tax liability of companies involved in asset sales, mergers, or acquisitions.
    • Mitigation: Businesses should conduct thorough due diligence and seek expert advice when planning asset transactions to optimize their CGT positions.
  • VAT on Digital Services:
    • Challenge: The Act expands the scope of VAT to include digital services, potentially impacting the profitability of businesses offering such services.
    • Mitigation: Companies in the digital sector should assess the impact of VAT on their pricing strategies and consider passing on the cost to consumers if feasible.
  • Tax Loss Utilization Limitations:
    • Challenge: The Act introduces restrictions on the utilization of tax losses, potentially affecting the profitability of companies with accumulated losses.
    • Mitigation: Businesses should assess the impact on their financial positions and consider strategies to optimize the use of tax losses, such as restructuring or profit planning.
  • Digital Economy Focus:
    • Challenge: The Finance Act 2020 places a spotlight on the digital economy, potentially subjecting more businesses to VAT and other tax obligations.
    • Mitigation: Companies operating in the digital space should ensure compliance with the Act’s provisions, including VAT on digital services, and seek expert guidance.

Mitigation Strategies:

  1. Proactive Tax Planning: Engage tax professionals to develop proactive tax planning strategies that align with the Finance Act 2020 amendments and optimize your tax positions.
  2. Compliance Excellence: Invest in robust tax compliance processes, including accurate record-keeping and timely reporting, to mitigate the risks associated with complex tax regulations.
  3. Transfer Pricing Expertise: If engaged in related-party transactions, ensure compliance with transfer pricing regulations and engage experts to navigate these complexities effectively.
  4. Transparent Communication: Transparently communicate the implications of the Finance Act 2020 to stakeholders, including customers, investors, and employees, to manage expectations and build trust.
  5. Tax Professional Collaboration: Collaborate with experienced tax professionals who specialize in Nigerian tax law to navigate the complexities and uncertainties introduced by the Act.


The Finance Act 2020 presents Nigerian companies with both opportunities and challenges in the evolving tax landscape. Mitigating risks and effectively managing challenges requires a proactive approach, including robust tax planning, compliance excellence, transfer pricing expertise, transparent communication, and collaboration with experienced tax professionals.

For professional advice on Accountancy, Transfer Pricing, Tax, Assurance, Outsourcing, online accounting support, Company Registration, and CAC matters, please contact Sunmola David & CO (Chartered Accountants & Tax Practitioners) at Lagos, Ogun state Nigeria offices, You can also reach us via WhatsApp at +2348038460036.