Impact of Nigeria Finance Act 2022 on Non-Profit Organizations and NGOs.


Non-profit organizations (NPOs) and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) play a vital role in addressing social and developmental challenges in Nigeria. The Nigeria Finance Act 2022 introduces several changes that directly impact the operations and tax status of NPOs and NGOs. In this article, we will delve into the key provisions of the Nigeria Finance Act 2022 and their implications for NPOs and NGOs.

  • Tax Exemption Requirements:

The Act revises the requirements for tax exemption status for NPOs and NGOs. Organizations seeking tax-exempt status must meet specified conditions, demonstrate their non-profit nature, and provide detailed financial and operational information.

Implication: NPOs and NGOs should ensure that they meet the new requirements for tax exemption and maintain transparent and accurate records to support their applications.

  • Withholding Tax on Payments to NPOs and NGOs:

The Act introduces withholding tax obligations on payments made to NPOs and NGOs. Payments for goods and services provided by NPOs and NGOs may be subject to withholding tax, impacting cash flows and budgeting.

Implication: NPOs and NGOs should factor withholding tax obligations into their financial planning and budgeting processes.

  • Reporting and Compliance:

The Act emphasizes reporting and compliance obligations for NPOs and NGOs. Organizations must submit annual reports, financial statements, and other relevant documentation to the tax authorities to maintain their tax-exempt status.

Implication: NPOs and NGOs should establish robust internal controls, financial reporting procedures, and documentation processes to ensure compliance with reporting obligations.

  • Impact on Fundraising and Donations:

The changes introduced by the Act could influence fundraising and donations for NPOs and NGOs. Donors may consider the tax implications of their contributions, potentially affecting the organizations’ funding sources.

Implication: NPOs and NGOs should communicate the impact of the Act’s changes to their donors and stakeholders and seek innovative ways to maintain their funding streams.

  • Effective Governance:

The Act encourages effective governance practices within NPOs and NGOs. Organizations must maintain proper governance structures, including boards of trustees, to ensure transparent operations.

Implication: NPOs and NGOs should review and enhance their governance structures to align with the Act’s requirements and demonstrate transparency to stakeholders.

  • Professional Advisory:

Given the complexity of the Act’s provisions, seeking professional advice is crucial. Legal and tax experts can guide NPOs and NGOs through compliance requirements and help them optimize their operations.

Implication: NPOs and NGOs should consider partnering with experienced advisors to navigate the Act’s changes, maintain compliance, and make informed decisions.


The Nigeria Finance Act 2022 introduces changes that have a direct impact on non-profit organizations (NPOs) and non-governmental organizations (NGOs). As the sector strives to address critical societal issues, NPOs and NGOs should prioritize understanding the Act’s provisions, aligning their operations with the new requirements, and maintaining transparency and compliance.

By staying informed, adapting to the changes, enhancing governance practices, and seeking professional advice, NPOs and NGOs can navigate the evolving regulatory landscape, continue their impactful work, and contribute to Nigeria’s social and developmental progress.

For professional advice on Accountancy, Transfer Pricing, Tax, Assurance, Outsourcing, online accounting support, Company Registration, and CAC matters, please contact Sunmola David & CO (Chartered Accountants & Tax Practitioners) at Lagos, Ogun state Nigeria offices, . You can also reach us via WhatsApp at +2348038460036.