Enhancing Tax Collection Efficiency: Reforms in the Nigeria Finance Act 2019


The Nigeria Finance Act of 2019 represents a significant step towards enhancing tax collection efficiency in the country. With the aim of bolstering revenue generation, streamlining tax administration, and fostering economic growth, this legislation introduces a series of reforms that address the challenges faced by tax authorities. As a leading accounting firm in Nigeria, we delve into the key reforms introduced in the Nigeria Finance Act 2019 and their implications for improving tax collection efficiency.

1. Digital Services Tax (DST):

In response to the growing digital economy and challenges in taxing digital transactions, the Finance Act 2019 introduces the Digital Services Tax (DST). Foreign companies providing digital services to Nigerian consumers without a physical presence in the country are now subject to DST at a rate of 2% of their gross revenue. This reform aims to capture tax from previously untaxed digital activities and ensures that multinational digital service providers contribute their fair share to Nigeria’s tax revenue.

Implication: The DST represents a progressive step towards taxing the digital economy and leveling the playing field for local businesses. Tax authorities can now capture revenue from digital transactions that were previously difficult to track, thus enhancing overall tax collection efficiency.

2. Value Added Tax (VAT) Rate Increase:

The Finance Act 2019 increases the Value Added Tax (VAT) rate from 5% to 7.5%, effective from February 1, 2020. This measure is aimed at broadening the government’s revenue base and strengthening its ability to provide essential services and infrastructure. The increase in VAT is expected to significantly boost tax revenues and facilitate funding for critical developmental projects.

Implication: The VAT rate increase will directly impact businesses and consumers, leading to increased tax revenues for the government. Businesses need to adjust their pricing strategies and ensure compliance with the new VAT rate, while consumers may experience a rise in the cost of goods and services.

3. Expansion of Taxable Goods and Services:

The Finance Act 2019 expands the list of goods and services subject to VAT, including previously exempted items like lease rentals, aircraft maintenance, and passenger transportation services. By broadening the scope of VAT, the Act seeks to increase tax collection on various economic activities.

Implication: The expansion of VAT coverage will lead to increased tax collection from a wider range of goods and services. Businesses offering the newly taxable items will need to ensure accurate tax compliance, and consumers will experience changes in prices for the affected goods and services.

4. Amendment of Stamp Duties Act:

The Act amends the Stamp Duties Act to address certain ambiguities in the collection and administration of stamp duties. The reforms introduce electronic stamping to facilitate a more efficient and transparent process, encouraging greater compliance and boosting revenue collection from stamp duties.

Implication: The adoption of electronic stamping is expected to streamline the stamp duty collection process, making it easier for taxpayers to comply with their stamp duty obligations. This reform will likely result in increased revenue collection for the government.


The Nigeria Finance Act 2019 introduces significant reforms aimed at enhancing tax collection efficiency and fostering economic growth in the country. By implementing measures such as Digital Services Tax (DST), VAT rate increase, expansion of taxable goods and services, and electronic stamping, the government seeks to capture previously untapped revenue streams and improve tax compliance.

As an accounting firm in Nigeria, we understand the importance of staying abreast of these reforms and helping businesses and individuals navigate the changing tax landscape. By proactively adjusting strategies to align with the new regulations, taxpayers can contribute to the country’s development while optimizing their tax planning in a compliant and responsible manner. Embracing these reforms is essential for Nigeria’s sustainable economic growth and the continued prosperity of its citizens.

For professional advice on Accountancy, Transfer Pricing, Tax, Assurance, Outsourcing, Company Registration, and CAC matters, please contact Sunmola David & CO (Chartered Accountants & Tax Practitioners) at www.sunmoladavid.com. You can also reach us via WhatsApp at +2348038460036.