Changes in Personal Income Taxation: Nigeria Finance Act 2023


Personal income taxation is a critical component of any country’s tax system, serving as a significant source of revenue for the government. In line with its commitment to fair and effective tax administration, the Nigeria Finance Act 2023 introduces notable changes to personal income taxation. As a reputable accounting firm in Nigeria, we explore the key amendments in the Finance Act 2023 and their impact on individual taxpayers.

1. Revision of Tax Thresholds:

The Finance Act 2023 revises the tax thresholds for personal income taxation, adjusting the income bands and tax rates applicable to various income levels. The Act aims to provide relief to low and middle-income earners by raising the tax exemption threshold.

These changes aim to reduce the tax burden on individuals with lower incomes, leaving them with more disposable income to meet their daily needs.

2. Consolidation of Taxes:

To simplify tax compliance, the Finance Act 2023 consolidates various taxes related to personal income into one unified tax scheme. This streamlines tax administration for both taxpayers and tax authorities, minimizing confusion and reducing compliance costs.

The consolidation of taxes promotes transparency and ease of understanding for individual taxpayers.

3. Digital Tax Assessment and Compliance:

The Finance Act 2023 leverages technology for personal income tax assessment and compliance. Digital tax assessment systems utilize data analytics to determine tax liabilities accurately, reducing the likelihood of errors and improving efficiency.

By embracing digital tax assessment and compliance, the Act aims to enhance transparency and minimize tax evasion.

4. Tax Relief for Pension Contributions:

Recognizing the importance of retirement planning, the Finance Act 2023 provides tax relief for pension contributions made by employees. This measure encourages individuals to save for their future while enjoying tax benefits on their pension contributions.

Tax relief for pension contributions motivates individuals to plan for their retirement and ensures a secure financial future.

5. Incentives for Voluntary Tax Compliance:

The Act introduces incentives for voluntary tax compliance, encouraging taxpayers to fulfill their tax obligations promptly. Individuals who voluntarily comply with their tax responsibilities may receive certain benefits, such as tax credits or exemptions.

By rewarding voluntary tax compliance, the Finance Act 2023 incentivizes individuals to be proactive in meeting their tax obligations.


The Nigeria Finance Act 2023 reflects the government’s commitment to improving the personal income tax system for individuals. Through revised tax thresholds, the consolidation of taxes, digital tax assessment, tax relief for pension contributions, and incentives for voluntary tax compliance, the Act aims to foster fair and efficient taxation while providing relief to low and middle-income earners.

As a reputable accounting firm in Nigeria, we advise individual taxpayers to be aware of the changes introduced by the Finance Act 2023 and understand how they may affect their tax liabilities. By staying informed and seeking professional guidance, individuals can navigate the evolving tax landscape and optimize their personal income tax planning, contributing to a stronger and more prosperous economy for Nigeria.

For professional advice on Accountancy, Transfer Pricing, Tax, Assurance, Outsourcing, Company Registration, and CAC matters, please contact Sunmola David & CO (Chartered Accountants & Tax Practitioners) at You can also reach us via WhatsApp at +2348038460036.