Capital Gains Tax in Nigeria Finance Act 2022: Updates and Considerations for Investors.

Capital Gains Tax payment terms change in April 2020 - George Hay Blog


The Nigeria Finance Act 2022 introduces significant updates to the Capital Gains Tax (CGT) regime, impacting investors across various sectors. Capital gains arise when investors sell or transfer certain assets, such as real estate, stocks, or businesses, at a profit. In this article, we will explore the key updates to the Capital Gains Tax in the Nigeria Finance Act 2022 and the considerations investors need to take into account.

  • Capital Gains Tax Rate Adjustment:

The Act brings changes to the Capital Gains Tax rate, modifying the tax rates applicable to different categories of assets. For assets held for a short-term period (less than one year), the new Act sets a higher rate compared to long-term assets (held for one year or more).

Implication: Investors should be aware of the revised CGT rates and consider the holding period of their assets to determine the applicable tax rate when planning asset sales or transfers.

  • Real Estate and Property Transactions:

Real estate transactions are significantly impacted by the updated CGT provisions. The Act introduces measures to improve property taxation, including stricter compliance enforcement and enhanced penalties for non-compliance. Furthermore, the Act revises the CGT rates for real estate transactions, affecting both residential and commercial properties.

Implication: Investors in the real estate sector must carefully assess the impact of the revised CGT rates on their property transactions and ensure compliance with the new requirements.

  • Business Transfer and Merger Transactions:

The Nigeria Finance Act 2022 also addresses Capital Gains Tax implications for business transfers and merger transactions. In cases of business transfers and reorganizations, the Act clarifies the treatment of gains made on the transfer of assets, shares, or interests in a business entity.

Implication: Investors involved in business transfers or merger transactions should seek professional guidance to ensure the correct application of CGT rules, optimizing tax positions and avoiding potential pitfalls.

  • Tax Relief for Small Businesses:

To support small businesses and encourage entrepreneurship, the Act introduces a CGT relief provision. Small businesses with an annual turnover of 25 million Naira or less are now exempt from Capital Gains Tax on the disposal of assets.

Implication: Small businesses within the turnover threshold can benefit from CGT relief, creating opportunities for growth and expansion without the burden of CGT liabilities.

  • Anti-Avoidance Measures:

The Nigeria Finance Act 2022 also includes anti-avoidance measures aimed at preventing tax evasion and aggressive tax planning. Investors should be cautious about engaging in transactions that might be deemed tax avoidance schemes.

Implication: Investors should conduct transactions in compliance with the Act’s provisions and avoid any actions that may raise red flags with tax authorities.


The Nigeria Finance Act 2022 brings significant updates to the Capital Gains Tax regime, impacting various aspects of investment transactions. Investors need to be aware of the revised CGT rates, consider the holding period of assets, and comply with the Act’s provisions when engaging in real estate transactions, business transfers, and mergers.

By staying proactive and well-informed, investors can navigate the evolving tax landscape, make informed financial decisions, and contribute to their business growth and Nigeria’s economic development.

For professional advice on Accountancy, Transfer Pricing, Tax, Assurance, Outsourcing, online accounting support, Company Registration, and CAC matters, please contact Sunmola David & CO (Chartered Accountants & Tax Practitioners) at Lagos, Ogun state Nigeria offices, You can also reach us via WhatsApp at +2348038460036.