VAT Refunds in Nigeria: Processes, Timelines, and Common Challenges.


Value Added Tax (VAT) is a significant source of revenue for the Nigerian government, collected from businesses at each stage of the supply chain. While businesses are responsible for remitting VAT to the government, they are also entitled to claim VAT refunds for certain eligible expenses. However, navigating the VAT refund process in Nigeria can be complex, and businesses often face challenges in securing timely refunds. In this article, we explore the VAT refund processes, timelines, and common challenges that Nigerian companies encounter.

VAT Refund Process in Nigeria

The VAT refund process in Nigeria involves several steps and requires meticulous documentation to ensure compliance with the tax authorities. The key stages in the VAT refund process are as follows:

  1. Submission of VAT Returns: Businesses registered for VAT must submit periodic VAT returns, which provide details of their taxable transactions, output VAT, input VAT, and net VAT liability.
  2. Claiming Input VAT: Businesses can claim a refund of input VAT on purchases and expenses incurred for taxable activities, such as raw materials, equipment, and services. The input VAT claim is made in the VAT returns.
  3. VAT Audit and Verification: The Nigerian tax authorities may conduct a VAT audit or verification to assess the validity of the input VAT claims. This ensures that the claimed expenses are eligible and supported by proper documentation.
  4. Processing of Refund: Once the input VAT claims are verified and deemed eligible, the tax authorities process the VAT refund. The refund amount is then credited to the taxpayer’s designated bank account.

Timelines for VAT Refunds

The Nigerian tax authorities aim to process VAT refunds promptly; however, the actual timelines can vary depending on several factors. In practice, VAT refund timelines in Nigeria can be subject to delays, and businesses may face challenges in receiving timely refunds. Some of the common reasons for delays include:

  1. VAT Audit Delays: If the tax authorities decide to conduct a VAT audit or verification, the refund process may be delayed until the audit is completed.
  2. Bureaucratic Processes: The bureaucratic procedures involved in processing VAT refunds may cause administrative delays.
  3. Insufficient Documentation: Incorrect or insufficient documentation provided by businesses can lead to delays in refund processing, as the tax authorities may request additional information.
  4. Cash Flow Constraints: Government cash flow constraints can also contribute to delays in VAT refunds.

Common Challenges with VAT Refunds

Nigerian businesses face various challenges when seeking VAT refunds, including:

  1. Compliance Complexity: VAT refund claims require accurate and detailed documentation, and businesses may find it challenging to ensure full compliance with the strict documentation requirements.
  2. Communication Issues: Lack of clear communication and updates from tax authorities can lead to uncertainty regarding the status of VAT refund claims.
  3. Protracted Verification Processes: Extensive verification processes can prolong the time it takes for tax authorities to process VAT refund claims.

Navigating VAT Refunds: Seeking Professional Assistance

To navigate the complexities of VAT refunds and overcome common challenges, Nigerian businesses can benefit from seeking professional assistance from experienced accounting and tax experts. Qualified professionals can help businesses with the following:

  1. Comprehensive Documentation: Ensure that all VAT refund claims are supported by accurate and complete documentation, minimizing the risk of delays due to insufficient information.
  2. Compliance Guidance: Provide guidance on complying with VAT regulations and assist with meeting the requirements for successful VAT refund claims.
  3. Communication and Follow-Up: Act as intermediaries between businesses and tax authorities, facilitating communication and following up on the status of VAT refund claims.


VAT refunds are an essential aspect of the Nigerian tax system, allowing businesses to claim input VAT on eligible expenses. However, the VAT refund process can be intricate, and businesses often encounter challenges in securing timely refunds. By understanding the VAT refund process, being diligent with documentation, and seeking professional assistance when needed, Nigerian companies can navigate the complexities, ensure compliance with tax regulations, and optimize their VAT refund claims.

For professional advice on Accountancy, Transfer Pricing, Tax, Assurance, Outsourcing, online accounting support, Company Registration, and CAC matters, please contact Sunmola David & CO (Chartered Accountants & Tax Practitioners) at Lagos, Ogun state Nigeria offices, You can also reach us via WhatsApp at +2348038460036.