VAT Compliance Checklist for Nigerian SMEs.


Value Added Tax (VAT) is a critical component of Nigeria’s tax system, and small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) must comply with VAT regulations to avoid penalties and maintain financial integrity. As a reputable accounting firm in Nigeria, we understand the challenges SMEs face in navigating VAT compliance. To support the growth and success of SMEs, we have compiled a comprehensive VAT compliance checklist to help businesses ensure they are meeting their VAT obligations.

VAT Registration:

  1. Determine if your annual turnover exceeds the mandatory VAT registration threshold (currently ₦25 million).
  2. Register for VAT with the Nigerian Federal Inland Revenue Service (FIRS) if your turnover meets or exceeds the threshold.

VAT Invoicing:

  1. Issue VAT invoices to your clients for taxable supplies, clearly stating the VAT amount separately.
  2.  Ensure your VAT invoices comply with the requirements outlined by the tax authorities.

VAT Rates:

  1. Familiarize yourself with the current VAT rate in Nigeria (currently 7.5%).
  2. Apply the correct VAT rate to your taxable supplies.

VAT Records:

  1. Maintain accurate records of all VAT-related transactions, including invoices, receipts, and other relevant documents.
  2. Organize your records in a systematic manner for easy retrieval during VAT audits.

VAT Filing and Reporting:

  1. File your VAT returns promptly, typically on a monthly or quarterly basis, depending on your turnover.
  2.  Ensure your VAT returns are accurately and truthfully completed.
  3. Submit your VAT returns within the stipulated deadline to avoid late filing penalties.

Input VAT Recovery:

  1. Keep track of all business-related expenses on which you have paid VAT (input VAT).
  2. Claim input VAT credits to offset against your output VAT liabilities.
  3. Ensure your input VAT recovery is supported by proper documentation and VAT coding.

VAT Compliance Education:

  1. Educate your finance and accounting teams about VAT compliance requirements.
  2. Stay updated on any changes to VAT laws and regulations to ensure ongoing compliance.

VAT Exemptions and Zero-Rating:

  1. Understand VAT exemptions and zero-rating rules applicable to your business.
  2. Ensure proper treatment of exempt and zero-rated supplies in your VAT returns.

Collaborate with Tax Professionals:

  1. Engage with tax professionals or VAT specialists to receive expert guidance and support on VAT compliance matters.
  2.  Seek assistance from accounting firms with expertise in VAT compliance to ensure accurate reporting and minimize the risk of non-compliance.


VAT compliance is crucial for Nigerian SMEs to maintain financial integrity, meet their tax obligations, and avoid penalties. By following this comprehensive VAT compliance checklist, SMEs can streamline their VAT processes, optimize input VAT recovery, and ensure accurate VAT reporting. As a reputable accounting firm in Nigeria, we are committed to supporting SMEs in achieving VAT compliance, providing expert guidance, and fostering their continued growth and success in Nigeria’s competitive business environment.

For professional advice on Accountancy, Transfer Pricing, Tax, Assurance, Outsourcing, online accounting support, Company Registration, and CAC matters, please contact Sunmola David & CO (Chartered Accountants & Tax Practitioners) at Lagos, Ogun state Nigeria offices, You can also reach us via WhatsApp at +2348038460036.