Updates in Nigeria Finance Act 2021: What Individuals Need to Know







As a reputable accounting firm in Nigeria, we understand the importance of keeping individuals informed about changes in financial legislation that may impact their personal finances. The Nigeria Finance Act 2021 brings significant updates that affect individual taxpayers in the country. In this article, we provide an overview of the key updates in the Nigeria Finance Act 2021 and their implications for individuals.


Overview of the Nigeria Finance Act 2021


The Nigeria Finance Act 2021, signed into law on January 1, 2021, represents the government’s effort to address fiscal challenges, promote economic growth, and enhance revenue generation. The Act introduces various tax reforms and changes to existing provisions that impact individual taxpayers.


Key Updates for Individuals


  1. Individual Tax Identification Number (TIN) Requirement: The Nigeria Finance Act 2021 emphasizes the importance of having a valid TIN for individuals. It may be mandatory for certain transactions, and individuals are encouraged to ensure they have a TIN to comply with tax regulations.


  1. Taxation of Digital Transactions: The Act introduces measures to tax digital transactions, including online purchases and electronic transfers. Individuals engaging in digital transactions should be aware of their tax obligations in this regard.


  1. Non-Resident Taxation: The Finance Act 2021 introduces the concept of Significant Economic Presence (SEP) to tax non-resident companies with a significant economic presence in Nigeria. This measure aims to ensure that non-residents contribute their fair share of taxes to the Nigerian economy.


  1. Review of Capital Gains Tax (CGT) Base Year: The Act modifies the base year for calculating CGT on assets acquired before January 1, 2018. Individuals selling assets held for an extended period should consider the implications of this change on their CGT liabilities.


  1. Introduction of Digital Services Tax (DST): The Finance Act 2021 may impose DST on certain digital services provided by non-resident companies to Nigerian consumers. This measure aims to capture revenue from the growing digital economy.


  1. Value Added Tax (VAT) on Digital Services: The Act expands the scope of VAT to include digital services provided by non-resident companies to Nigerian customers. Individuals using such services should be aware of the potential VAT implications.


  1. Review of Stamp Duties Act: The Finance Act 2021 reviews the Stamp Duties Act, potentially affecting stamp duty rates and chargeable transactions. Individuals should be familiar with the updated stamp duty obligations.


Implications and What Individuals Can Do


The Nigeria Finance Act 2021’s updates have implications for individual taxpayers:


  1. Tax Compliance: Individuals should ensure compliance with tax regulations, obtain a valid TIN, and fulfill their tax obligations, especially regarding digital transactions and the potential DST and VAT implications.


  1. Capital Gains Tax Planning: Individuals selling assets should consider the CGT base year review when calculating their tax liabilities and plan accordingly.


  1. Stamp Duty Compliance: Be aware of the updated stamp duty rates and obligations to comply with stamp duty requirements on applicable transactions.


  1. Digital Transactions: Understand the tax implications of engaging in digital transactions and ensure compliance with tax obligations on digital services.




The Nigeria Finance Act 2021 introduces important updates that individuals need to be aware of to comply with tax regulations effectively. By understanding the changes and implications, individuals can plan their finances accordingly and contribute to the country’s economic growth and development.


At [Your Accounting Firm], we are committed to providing personalized tax advisory services and guiding individuals through the implications of the Nigeria Finance Act 2021. Our expert team can help you navigate the complexities of the Act and optimize your tax position while remaining compliant with the law.


Disclaimer: This article is for informational purposes only and should not be considered as legal or financial advice. Readers are advised to consult with professional advisors to understand how the Nigeria Finance Act 2021 specifically impacts their individual tax situations.

For professional advice on Accountancy, Transfer Pricing, Tax, Assurance, Outsourcing, Company Registration, and CAC matters, please contact Sunmola David & CO (Chartered Accountants & Tax Practitioners) at www.sunmoladavid.com. You can also reach us via WhatsApp at +2348038460036.