Understanding the Provisions of the Finance Act 2020 Related to Excise Duties in Nigeria.


The Finance Act 2020 introduced significant amendments to excise duties, impacting various industries and sectors. In this article, we will delve into the key provisions of the Finance Act 2020 related to excise duties and their implications for businesses and consumers in Nigeria.

Excise Duties: An Overview:

Excise duties are taxes imposed on specific goods produced or manufactured domestically, with the aim of achieving various policy objectives such as revenue generation, promoting public health, and curbing consumption of harmful products.

Key Provisions of the Finance Act 2020:

  • Increase in Excise Duty Rates:

The Finance Act 2020 brought about an increase in excise duty rates on certain products, particularly on tobacco and alcoholic beverages. These higher rates are intended to discourage excessive consumption and promote healthier lifestyles, while also contributing to government revenue.

  • Expansion of Excise Duty to New Products:

The Act expanded the scope of excise duties to include new products such as carbonated drinks. This expansion aims to address public health concerns associated with excessive sugar consumption and align with global efforts to combat lifestyle-related diseases.

  • Implementation of Specific Excise Duty on Telecommunication Services:

The Finance Act 2020 introduced a specific excise duty on telecommunication services, aiming to tap into the revenue potential of the growing telecommunication sector while also providing funds for the development of critical infrastructure.

Implications for Businesses and Consumers:

  • Price Adjustments:

The increase in excise duty rates on tobacco, alcoholic beverages, and other products may lead to price adjustments, affecting consumer purchasing patterns and potentially reducing demand for such goods.

  • Health Impact:

The expansion of excise duties to products like carbonated drinks reflects the government’s commitment to promoting public health by discouraging the consumption of products linked to health risks.

  • Compliance and Record-Keeping:

Businesses must ensure compliance with the new excise duty rates and expanded scope. Accurate record-keeping and timely payment of excise duties are essential to avoid penalties.

  • Industry Impact:

Industries affected by the changes in excise duties need to assess the impact on their operations, pricing strategies, and consumer behavior. They should also be prepared for potential shifts in demand.

  • Tax Planning:

Businesses operating in sectors subject to excise duties need to factor these duties into their tax planning and financial strategies. Exploring ways to minimize the tax impact while maintaining compliance is essential.


The provisions of the Finance Act 2020 related to excise duties reflect the government’s efforts to achieve a balance between revenue generation, public health, and economic growth. By staying informed and proactive, businesses can optimize their tax planning, ensure compliance with the new regulations, and contribute to Nigeria’s economic development. Our expert guidance empowers clients to make informed financial decisions and thrive in the evolving Nigerian tax landscape.

For professional advice on Accountancy, Transfer Pricing, Tax, Assurance, Outsourcing, online accounting support, Company Registration, and CAC matters, please contact Sunmola David & CO (Chartered Accountants & Tax Practitioners) at Lagos, Ogun state Nigeria offices, www.sunmoladavid.com . You can also reach us via WhatsApp at +2348038460036.