Understanding the Nigeria Finance Act 2020: Key Amendments and Provisions


The Nigeria Finance Act of 2020 introduced significant amendments to the country’s tax laws and fiscal framework. As a leading accounting firm in Nigeria, we aim to provide clarity and insights into the key provisions of the Finance Act 2020. This article seeks to help individuals, businesses, and investors understand the implications of the Act and its impact on the Nigerian economy.

1. Introduction of Finance Act 2020:

The Finance Act 2020, signed into law on December 31, 2020, marked a critical milestone in Nigeria’s fiscal reforms. The Act was designed to complement the 2021 budget and enhance revenue generation while promoting economic growth and development.

2. Value Added Tax (VAT) Amendments:

The Finance Act 2020 introduced changes to VAT provisions, impacting businesses and consumers alike. The Act now allows for the imposition of VAT on digital transactions conducted by foreign companies with Nigerian customers. This measure aims to capture revenue from previously untaxed digital services, contributing to increased government revenue.

3. Companies Income Tax (CIT) Amendments

The Act introduced several amendments to the CIT provisions to support small businesses and encourage investment in key sectors. Notably, the threshold for small companies exempt from CIT was raised from an annual turnover of 25 million Naira to 25 million Naira and below. This change is expected to stimulate growth in the SME sector.

4. Introduction of Tax Identification Number (TIN) Requirement:

The Finance Act 2020 made it mandatory for individuals to provide their Tax Identification Numbers (TINs) when opening or maintaining bank accounts. This measure aims to expand the tax base and improve tax compliance by encouraging individuals to obtain their TINs.

5. Tax Incentives for Infrastructure Development:

To attract private sector participation in infrastructure development, the Act provides tax incentives for companies investing in qualifying infrastructure projects. This includes tax deductions for donations to approved infrastructure projects and an exemption from Capital Gains Tax (CGT) on the transfer of assets to Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) and infrastructure companies.

6. Customs and Excise Tariff Amendments:

The Finance Act 2020 introduced adjustments to customs and excise tariffs to promote local manufacturing and protect local industries. The Act grants tax incentives to essential sectors, encouraging domestic production and reducing dependence on imports.

7. Avoidance of Double Taxation Agreements:

To avoid double taxation and promote international trade, the Act amended the provisions relating to Avoidance of Double Taxation Agreements (DTAs). The amendments aim to enhance cooperation between Nigeria and its trading partners, providing clarity and certainty for investors and businesses engaged in cross-border transactions.


The Nigeria Finance Act 2020 brought significant changes to the country’s tax and fiscal landscape. The amendments and provisions introduced in the Act aim to enhance revenue generation, encourage investment, and foster economic growth. As an accounting firm in Nigeria, we emphasize the importance of understanding the implications of the Finance Act 2020 on businesses and individuals.

Staying informed and complying with the new regulations can help businesses navigate the evolving tax landscape efficiently. For investors and entrepreneurs, the Act’s incentives for infrastructure development and local manufacturing present opportunities to contribute to Nigeria’s economic growth and development.

As Nigeria progresses with its fiscal reforms, we encourage stakeholders to seek professional advice and guidance to ensure compliance with the Finance Act 2020 and make informed financial decisions that align with the Act’s provisions. By understanding the Act’s key amendments and provisions, individuals and businesses can optimize their financial strategies and contribute to the nation’s economic prosperity. 

For professional advice on Accountancy, Transfer Pricing, Tax, Assurance, Outsourcing, Company Registration, and CAC matters, please contact Sunmola David & CO (Chartered Accountants & Tax Practitioners) at www.sunmoladavid.com. You can also reach us via WhatsApp at +2348038460036.