Understanding the Key Changes and Implications of the Nigeria Finance Act 2020.

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The Nigeria Finance Act 2020 brought significant changes to the country’s tax and financial landscape. As an audit firm dedicated to educating and empowering our prospective customers, this article aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the key changes and implications of the Nigeria Finance Act 2020. Understanding these changes will help businesses and individuals navigate the new tax regime and make informed financial decisions.


Expanded Scope of Value Added Tax (VAT):

The Finance Act 2020 expanded the scope of VAT by introducing provisions for the taxation of digital services provided by foreign companies. This change has implications for both Nigerian consumers and foreign service providers, requiring compliance with new tax obligations and potential adjustments to pricing strategies.


Increase in the Threshold for Small Companies Exempt from Tax:

To stimulate growth and support small businesses, the Finance Act 2020 increased the threshold for small companies exempt from paying income tax. Companies with an annual turnover of less than N25 million are now exempt from income tax. This change reduces the tax burden on small businesses and encourages their development.


Amendments to Personal Income Tax:

The Finance Act 2020 introduced amendments to the Personal Income Tax Act, including adjustments to the tax rates and tax bands. These changes affect individuals’ tax liabilities and require individuals to reassess their tax planning and compliance strategies.


Digital Economy and E-commerce:

Recognizing the growing significance of the digital economy, the Finance Act 2020 introduced provisions to tax digital transactions and e-commerce activities. This aims to ensure that digital businesses operating in Nigeria contribute their fair share of taxes, further broadening the tax base.


Tax Incentives and Reliefs:

The Finance Act 2020 introduced various tax incentives and reliefs to promote specific sectors and activities. These incentives include tax credits for investments in infrastructure, incentives for agriculture and agro-allied activities, and deductions for contributions to the National Housing Fund. Understanding these incentives can help businesses leverage opportunities and optimize their tax positions.


Amendments to Transfer Pricing Regulations:

The Finance Act 2020 introduced changes to Nigeria’s transfer pricing regulations to align with international best practices and prevent base erosion and profit shifting. These amendments affect multinational companies operating in Nigeria and emphasize the importance of accurate transfer pricing documentation and compliance.


Impact on Real Estate Sector:

The Finance Act 2020 has implications for the real estate sector. It introduced provisions for the taxation of income from real estate investment trusts (REITs) and adjusted the basis for assessing stamp duties on land transactions. Real estate developers, investors, and professionals need to be aware of these changes to ensure compliance and manage their tax obligations effectively.


Anti-Avoidance Measures:

To curb tax evasion and aggressive tax planning, the Finance Act 2020 introduced anti-avoidance measures. These measures empower tax authorities to challenge transactions lacking commercial substance and disregard arrangements aimed solely at tax benefits. Businesses and individuals should review their structures and transactions to ensure compliance and mitigate risks.



The Nigeria Finance Act 2020 has ushered in significant changes in the tax landscape, impacting businesses and individuals across various sectors. Staying informed about these changes is crucial for making informed financial decisions, ensuring compliance, and optimizing tax positions. As an audit firm, we are committed to assisting our prospective clients in understanding and navigating these changes effectively, providing them with the knowledge and guidance needed to thrive in the evolving Nigerian tax environment.


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