Understanding Changes to the Capital Gains Tax Act and Their Impact on Investment Activities for Nigerian Businesses.

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The Nigeria Finance Act 2020 brought significant amendments to the CGT regime, affecting how businesses are taxed on gains from the disposal of capital assets. Understanding these changes is vital for businesses engaged in investment activities to optimize their tax planning, comply with the new regulations, and make informed decisions about their investments.


  1. Revised Rates for Individuals and Companies: The Finance Act 2020 introduced new CGT rates for both individuals and companies. The CGT rate for individuals was adjusted from 10% to 10% for gains up to N10 million and 20% for gains above N10 million. For companies, the CGT rate increased from 10% to 20%. These changes impact the tax liability of businesses and investors when disposing of capital assets.


  1. Impact on Mergers and Acquisitions: The changes to the CGT Act may influence the structure and timing of mergers and acquisitions. With higher CGT rates for companies, businesses involved in M&A activities need to consider the potential tax implications when valuing assets and negotiating deals. Proper tax planning can help optimize the overall tax position of the parties involved.


  1. Impact on Capital Investment Decisions: The revised CGT rates can influence investment decisions for businesses. Investors must carefully assess the tax implications of capital gains when considering selling or disposing of assets. Higher CGT rates may affect the after-tax returns on investments and alter investment strategies.


  1. Roll-over Relief for Reinvestments: The Finance Act 2020 introduced roll-over relief for reinvestments of capital gains. Businesses can defer the payment of CGT on gains if the proceeds are reinvested in qualifying assets within 12 months from the date of disposal. This provision encourages reinvestment and supports businesses in expanding and upgrading their assets.


  1. Changes in Valuation of Chargeable Assets: The Act introduced amendments to the valuation of chargeable assets for CGT purposes. The new regulations require businesses to adopt the market value of the assets at the date of disposal, or the consideration received, whichever is higher. Accurate asset valuation is essential to determine the correct CGT liability.


  1. Impact on Real Estate Investments: The changes to the CGT Act have implications for real estate investments. Investors in real estate must consider the revised CGT rates and the roll-over relief provisions when making decisions about property disposals and reinvestments. Careful tax planning can optimize the tax outcomes for real estate investors.


  1. Compliance and Record-Keeping: With the amendments to the CGT Act, businesses must prioritize compliance and accurate record-keeping. Maintaining detailed records of capital asset disposals, valuations, and reinvestments is crucial to ensure accurate CGT calculations and compliance with reporting requirements.



The changes to the Capital Gains Tax Act introduced by the Nigeria Finance Act 2020 have significant implications for investment activities of Nigerian businesses. Understanding these changes is crucial for businesses to optimize their tax planning, comply with the new regulations, and make informed decisions about their investments. As an audit firm, we are committed to assisting our prospective customers in understanding and navigating the impact of the Finance Act 2020 on capital gains tax, providing them with the knowledge and guidance needed to manage their investment activities effectively and thrive in the evolving Nigerian business environment.

For professional advice on Accountancy, Transfer Pricing, Tax, Assurance, Outsourcing, online accounting support, Company Registration, and CAC matters, please contact Sunmola David & CO (Chartered Accountants & Tax Practitioners) at Lagos, Ogun state Nigeria offices, www.sunmoladavid.com. You can also reach us via WhatsApp at +2348038460036.