Tax audit and investigation are critical components of an effective tax administration system, ensuring tax compliance and the equitable distribution of tax burdens. In recognition of their significance, the Nigeria Finance Act 2022 introduces measures to enhance tax audit and investigation processes. As a reputable accounting firm in Nigeria, we explore the key measures in the Finance Act 2022 and their potential impact on tax compliance and revenue collection.
1. Strengthening Enforcement Powers:
The Finance Act 2022 empowers tax authorities with enhanced enforcement powers to combat tax evasion and non-compliance effectively. Tax officials are granted broader authority to investigate suspected tax irregularities, ensuring that all taxpayers meet their tax obligations under the law
This measure is likely to improve deterrence and promote voluntary tax compliance, thereby enhancing revenue collection for the government.
2. Technology-Driven Audit and Investigation:
The Act emphasizes the use of technology for tax audit and investigation processes. By leveraging data analytics, artificial intelligence, and automation, tax authorities can conduct more efficient and targeted audits, focusing on high-risk cases and identifying potential areas of tax evasion.
Technology-driven audit and investigation enable tax authorities to cover a larger number of taxpayers while minimizing administrative burdens for both taxpayers and the tax authorities.
3. Exchange of Information:
The Finance Act 2022 promotes international cooperation in tax matters by facilitating the exchange of information with foreign tax authorities. The Act authorizes the Nigerian government to enter into international agreements to share tax-related data with other countries.
This exchange of information strengthens Nigeria’s ability to track cross-border financial transactions and combat tax evasion by multinational corporations and high-net-worth individuals.
4. Whistleblower Incentives:
To encourage reporting of tax evasion and non-compliance, the Finance Act 2022 introduces whistleblower incentives. Individuals who provide credible information leading to the discovery of tax irregularities may be eligible for financial rewards or protections.
The whistleblower incentives are expected to facilitate the exposure of tax evasion schemes and promote a culture of tax compliance among the general public.
5. Voluntary Assets and Income Declaration:
The Finance Act 2022 introduces the Voluntary Assets and Income Declaration Scheme (VAIDS) to encourage taxpayers to regularize their tax affairs voluntarily. Taxpayers who declare their previously undeclared assets and income within a specified period may receive reduced penalties and interest.
VAIDS provides a window of opportunity for taxpayers to rectify their past tax discrepancies and come into compliance with the tax laws.
The Nigeria Finance Act 2022 represents a significant step towards enhancing tax audit and investigation processes in the country. By strengthening enforcement powers, adopting technology-driven solutions, promoting international cooperation, offering whistleblower incentives, and implementing the Voluntary Assets and Income Declaration Scheme, the Act aims to improve tax compliance and revenue collection.
As a reputable accounting firm in Nigeria, we advise taxpayers to be proactive in their tax compliance efforts and ensure they maintain accurate records to facilitate smooth audits and investigations. By embracing the measures introduced in the Finance Act 2022, Nigeria can foster a culture of tax compliance, increase revenue collection, and bolster the country’s economic development and stability.
For professional advice on Accountancy, Transfer Pricing, Tax, Assurance, Outsourcing, Company Registration, and CAC matters, please contact Sunmola David & CO (Chartered Accountants & Tax Practitioners) at www.sunmoladavid.com. You can also reach us via WhatsApp at +2348038460036.