The Role of the Nigeria Finance Act 2019 in Promoting Economic Growth in Nigeria.

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In 2019, the Nigerian government implemented the Finance Act, a comprehensive piece of legislation aimed at reforming the country’s tax system and fostering sustainable economic growth. The Act introduced a series of reforms and incentives designed to stimulate investment, enhance business competitiveness, and create a conducive environment for economic development. In this article, we explore the pivotal role of the Nigeria Finance Act 2019 in promoting economic growth and driving Nigeria’s journey towards becoming a leading economy in Africa.

1. Attracting Foreign Direct Investment (FDI):

Foreign Direct Investment plays a critical role in economic growth by injecting capital, technology, and expertise into the local economy. The Finance Act 2019 introduced various tax incentives for foreign investors, such as the Pioneer Status Incentive, capital allowances, and tax exemptions for infrastructure development. These incentives attract foreign investors to Nigeria, encouraging them to participate in key sectors and contribute to the country’s economic advancement.

2. Fostering a Conducive Business Environment:

A favorable business environment is essential for economic growth and job creation. The Finance Act 2019 aims to improve the ease of doing business by simplifying tax compliance procedures, enhancing tax dispute resolution mechanisms, and introducing technology-driven processes for tax administration. By reducing bureaucracy and increasing efficiency, the Act supports businesses in Nigeria, boosting their productivity and competitiveness.

3. Encouraging Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs):

SMEs are the backbone of any thriving economy, and the Finance Act 2019 recognizes their significance. The Act reduced the corporate income tax rate for SMEs with an annual turnover of ₦25 million or less to 20%, relieving the tax burden on these businesses. Additionally, the Act raised the VAT threshold, exempting many SMEs from VAT registration requirements. By supporting SMEs, the Act stimulates entrepreneurship, job creation, and overall economic growth.

4. Supporting Strategic Sectors:

To achieve sustainable economic growth, the Finance Act 2019 identifies and supports key strategic sectors. Companies operating in Export Processing Zones (EPZs) can benefit from tax holidays and other incentives, encouraging investments in export-oriented industries. Furthermore, the Act introduced the Research and Development (R&D) tax credit to promote innovation and technological advancement in Nigeria. By nurturing these sectors, the Act enhances economic diversification and resilience.

5. Enhancing Revenue Generation for Government;

The Finance Act 2019 introduces measures to improve tax collection efficiency and broaden the tax base, leading to increased revenue generation for the government. The Act addresses tax evasion and avoidance, prevents double taxation, and introduces stricter compliance measures. The additional revenue allows the government to invest in critical infrastructure, education, healthcare, and other development projects that stimulate economic growth.

6. Promoting Social Investments:

A crucial aspect of economic growth is investing in the well-being of citizens. The Finance Act 2019 allocates a percentage of VAT revenue to finance social programs, such as the Social Investment Program (SIP). These programs aim to alleviate poverty, improve education, and enhance healthcare, contributing to a healthier and more skilled workforce, which, in turn, fuels economic productivity.


The Nigeria Finance Act 2019 serves as a catalyst for economic growth and development, providing a robust framework to attract foreign investment, support SMEs, and foster a conducive business environment. By introducing targeted tax incentives, promoting strategic sectors, and enhancing revenue generation, the Act paves the way for Nigeria to achieve sustainable and inclusive economic growth.

As an accounting firm dedicated to supporting businesses in Nigeria, we recognize the significant role of the Finance Act 2019 in shaping the economic landscape. We encourage businesses to leverage the Act’s provisions, optimize their tax planning, and seek professional guidance to capitalize on the opportunities it presents. By harnessing the potential of the Act, Nigeria can continue its trajectory as a vibrant economic powerhouse in Africa.

For professional advice on Accountancy, Transfer Pricing, Tax, Assurance, Outsourcing, online accounting support, Company Registration, and CAC matters, please contact Sunmola David & CO (Chartered Accountants & Tax Practitioners) at Lagos, Ogun state Nigeria offices, You can also reach us via WhatsApp at +2348038460036.