The Role of the Federal Inland Revenue Service (FIRS) in Implementing Nigeria Finance Act 2022.


The Nigeria Finance Act 2022 introduces a range of changes to the country’s tax landscape, impacting individuals, businesses, and the broader economy. The effective implementation of these changes relies heavily on the role of the Federal Inland Revenue Service (FIRS), the nation’s tax authority. In this article, we will delve into the critical role of the FIRS in implementing the Nigeria Finance Act 2022.

  • Interpretation and Communication:

The FIRS plays a key role in interpreting the provisions of the Nigeria Finance Act 2022. It provides guidance and clarifications on the Act’s provisions to taxpayers, ensuring that they understand their rights, responsibilities, and obligations.

  • Taxpayer Education:

The FIRS is tasked with educating taxpayers about the changes introduced by the Act. It conducts workshops, seminars, and outreach programs to disseminate information and enhance taxpayers’ awareness of their tax obligations.

  • Policy Formulation and Implementation:

The FIRS contributes to the formulation of tax policies aligned with the Act’s objectives. It implements these policies by developing guidelines, regulations, and administrative procedures to enforce the Act’s provisions effectively.

  • Collection and Enforcement:

One of the FIRS’s primary functions is the collection of taxes. It implements mechanisms to ensure that taxpayers accurately calculate, report, and pay their taxes in accordance with the Act.

  • Compliance Monitoring:

The FIRS is responsible for monitoring taxpayers’ compliance with the Act’s provisions. It conducts audits, investigations, and assessments to identify non-compliance and take appropriate actions.

  • Technology and Automation:

The FIRS leverages technology to streamline tax processes and enhance efficiency. It develops digital platforms for tax filing, payment, and communication, aligning with the Act’s emphasis on digitalization.

  • Dispute Resolution:

In cases of disputes between taxpayers and the tax authorities, the FIRS plays a role in resolving these issues. It provides mechanisms for taxpayers to appeal decisions and ensures fair and transparent dispute resolution.

  • Cross-Border Taxation:

The FIRS manages cross-border taxation issues, including Double Taxation Agreements (DTAs) and the implementation of international tax standards.

  • Collaboration with Other Agencies:

The FIRS collaborates with other government agencies to ensure cohesive implementation of the Act. This includes coordination with the Nigerian Customs Service, regulatory bodies, and law enforcement agencies.


The Federal Inland Revenue Service (FIRS) is at the forefront of implementing the Nigeria Finance Act 2022, ensuring that the Act’s provisions are effectively enforced and that taxpayers’ compliance is maintained. The FIRS’s role encompasses interpretation, communication, education, policy formulation, tax collection, compliance monitoring, technology integration, dispute resolution, and collaboration with other agencies.

As a trusted accounting firm, we emphasize the importance of understanding the FIRS’s role and engaging proactively with the tax authority. Staying informed about the Act’s provisions, seeking guidance from the FIRS, and ensuring compliance with the Act’s requirements contribute to a smooth and successful implementation of the Nigeria Finance Act 2022. By working together with the FIRS, taxpayers and businesses can navigate the evolving tax landscape, optimize their tax positions, and contribute to Nigeria’s economic growth and development.

For professional advice on Accountancy, Transfer Pricing, Tax, Assurance, Outsourcing, online accounting support, Company Registration, and CAC matters, please contact Sunmola David & CO (Chartered Accountants & Tax Practitioners) at Lagos, Ogun state Nigeria offices, . You can also reach us via WhatsApp at +2348038460036.