Taxation of the Gig Economy: Updates in the Nigeria Finance Act 2023


The gig economy has emerged as a significant force in Nigeria, transforming the way people work and do business. As the gig economy continues to thrive, tax policies must adapt to capture income from these non-traditional sources. The Nigeria Finance Act 2023 introduces crucial updates to address the taxation of the gig economy, ensuring that participants in this sector contribute their fair share to the country’s tax revenue. As a reputable accounting firm in Nigeria, we delve into the key updates in the Finance Act 2023 that impact the gig economy and offer insights to help navigate the evolving tax landscape.

1. Definition of Gig Economy Activities:

The Finance Act 2023 provides a clear definition of gig economy activities and identifies individuals or businesses engaged in freelance work, short-term contracts, and platform-based services as participants in the gig economy. This clarification ensures that those involved in the gig economy understand their tax obligations and report their income accurately.

By defining gig economy activities, the Act seeks to streamline tax compliance for individuals and businesses operating in this sector.

2. Registration and Tax Identification Number (TIN):

The Finance Act 2023 mandates individuals and businesses in the gig economy to register with relevant tax authorities and obtain a Tax Identification Number (TIN). This requirement ensures that gig workers are formally recognized by tax authorities and held accountable for their tax liabilities.

Registration and TIN issuance enable tax authorities to track gig economy participants, promoting tax transparency and compliance.

3. Withholding Tax on Platform Providers:

To improve tax collection from gig economy platforms, the Finance Act 2023 introduces a withholding tax provision. Platform providers that facilitate gig transactions are required to withhold a specified percentage of income earned by gig workers and remit it to the tax authorities on their behalf.

This measure simplifies tax compliance for gig workers and ensures tax revenue is captured at the source.

4. Tax Reporting and Documentation:

The Finance Act 2023 emphasizes the importance of accurate tax reporting and documentation for gig economy participants. It requires gig workers to maintain proper records of their income and expenses to facilitate tax assessment and compliance.

By adhering to robust tax reporting practices, gig workers can avoid penalties and maintain a clear tax history.

5. Tax Deductibility of Business Expenses:

The Act allows gig economy participants to claim tax deductions for legitimate business expenses incurred in the course of their work. This provision enables gig workers to offset certain costs related to their work activities, reducing their overall tax liability.

Claiming tax deductions for business expenses encourages reinvestment and supports the growth of the gig economy.


The Nigeria Finance Act 2023 addresses the evolving landscape of the gig economy and introduces measures to ensure tax fairness and transparency. By defining gig economy activities, mandating registration and TIN issuance, introducing withholding tax on platform providers, emphasizing tax reporting and documentation, and allowing tax deductibility of business expenses, the Act aims to streamline tax compliance for gig economy participants and improve revenue collection for the government.

As a reputable accounting firm in Nigeria, we advise gig economy participants to be proactive in understanding their tax obligations and seek professional guidance to navigate the complexities of the Finance Act 2023. By embracing the updates introduced by the Act, gig economy workers can contribute their fair share to Nigeria’s tax revenue and continue to thrive in this dynamic and evolving sector.

For professional advice on Accountancy, Transfer Pricing, Tax, Assurance, Outsourcing, Company Registration, and CAC matters, please contact Sunmola David & CO (Chartered Accountants & Tax Practitioners) at You can also reach us via WhatsApp at +2348038460036.