Taxation of Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs): Insights from OGIRS.


Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) are the lifeblood of any economy, including Nigeria’s. They contribute significantly to economic growth, employment generation and innovation. Recognizing the importance of MSMEs, the Ogun State Internal Revenue Service (OGIRS) has put in place regulations and guidelines to ensure that these businesses are subject to fair and supportive taxation. In this article, we will explore the taxation of MSMEs and provide insights from OGIRS to help these enterprises navigate their tax obligations effectively.

1. The Vital Role of MSMEs in the Nigerian Economy:

MSMEs make up a substantial portion of Nigeria’s business landscape. They encompass a wide range of businesses, from street vendors and family-owned stores to small manufacturers and service providers. MSMEs are known for their ability to adapt quickly to market changes and contribute to economic development at the grassroots level.

2. Tax Implications for MSMEs:

Taxation is a key consideration for MSMEs, and understanding the tax implications is essential:

a. Income Tax: MSMEs are subject to income tax on their profits, which is calculated based on their taxable income.

b. Value Added Tax (VAT): VAT may apply to certain MSME transactions, particularly for businesses providing taxable goods and services.

c. Withholding Tax: MSMEs may be required to withhold tax on certain payments made to suppliers and service providers.

3. OGIRS Regulations for Taxation of MSMEs:

a. Tax Identification Number (TIN): MSMEs must obtain a Tax Identification Number (TIN) from OGIRS, which is essential for tax compliance.

b. Record Keeping: Keeping accurate financial records is crucial for tracking income, expenses and tax deductions.

c. Tax Filing: MSMEs must file annual tax returns with OGIRS, reporting their income, expenses and taxes paid.

4. Benefits of Compliance with OGIRS Regulations:

a. Legal Compliance: Adhering to OGIRS guidelines ensures that MSMEs operate within the bounds of the law.

b. Reduced Tax Liability: Proper tax planning can help MSMEs minimize their tax liabilities while maximizing their income.

c. Access to Finance: Tax compliance can improve MSMEs’ access to credit and financial services, fostering growth.

5. Steps for Tax Compliance:

a. TIN Acquisition: Obtain a Tax Identification Number (TIN) from OGIRS.

b. Record Keeping: Maintain accurate and detailed financial records to support your tax filings.

c. Income Reporting: Ensure that you report your income to OGIRS as required and make timely tax payments.

d. Consultation: Seek advice from tax professionals with expertise in MSME taxation to navigate the complexities of compliance effectively.


MSMEs are the backbone of Ogun State’s economy, and supporting their growth and sustainability is a priority for OGIRS. Fair and supportive taxation ensures that MSMEs can thrive and contribute to economic development while meeting their tax obligations.

By complying with OGIRS regulations, MSMEs not only fulfill their legal responsibilities but also enjoy the benefits of reduced tax liability and financial security. Through proper tax compliance, MSMEs contribute to the growth and development of Ogun State, creating a more vibrant and resilient economy for all.

For professional advice on Accountancy, Transfer Pricing, Tax, Assurance, Outsourcing, online accounting support, Company Registration, and CAC matters, please contact Sunmola David & CO (Chartered Accountants & Tax Practitioners) at Lagos, Ogun state Nigeria offices, You can also reach us via WhatsApp at +2348038460036.