Tax Planning Strategies for Non-Resident Investors in Lagos State.


Lagos State, as the commercial and economic hub of Nigeria, is an attractive destination for non-resident investors seeking opportunities in various sectors. While investing in Lagos can be lucrative, it is essential for non-resident investors to implement effective tax planning strategies to optimize their investments while ensuring compliance with Nigerian tax laws. In this article, we will explore key tax planning strategies tailored to non-resident investors in Lagos State.

Understanding Non-Resident Investor Taxation in Lagos:

Non-resident investors in Lagos can generate income from various sources, including dividends, interest, capital gains, and rental income. Understanding the tax implications of these income streams is crucial for effective tax planning:

  1. Dividends: Dividends distributed by Nigerian companies to non-resident investors are generally subject to withholding tax at a rate of 10%.
  2. Interest: Interest income earned by non-resident investors is also subject to a withholding tax rate of 10%.
  3. Capital Gains: Capital gains on the sale of investments in Nigeria may be subject to capital gains tax, depending on the nature of the asset.
  4. Rental Income: Non-resident investors earning rental income from properties in Lagos may be subject to a withholding tax rate of 10%.

Tax Planning Strategies for Non-Resident Investors:

  1. Utilize Double Taxation Treaties: Nigeria has double taxation treaties with several countries. Non-resident investors should explore whether their home country has a treaty with Nigeria to potentially reduce withholding tax rates or obtain exemptions.
  2. Invest through Special Purpose Vehicles (SPVs): Consider structuring investments through SPVs registered in Nigeria. This can provide tax benefits and limit liability.
  3. Optimize Capital Gains Tax: Seek advice on structuring asset sales to minimize capital gains tax liabilities. This may involve the timing of the sale or using tax-efficient holding structures.
  4. Leverage Tax Credits: Non-resident investors may be eligible for foreign tax credits in their home countries for taxes paid in Nigeria. Consult with tax experts to ensure you claim these credits.
  5. Engage Local Tax Experts: Collaborate with local tax professionals who understand Nigerian tax laws and can provide tailored advice on tax planning and compliance.
  6. Maintain Accurate Records: Keeping meticulous records of income, expenses, and tax payments is crucial for efficient tax planning and compliance.
  7. Explore Tax-Advantaged Investments: Investigate investment opportunities that offer tax advantages, such as tax-free bonds or incentives in specific sectors like agriculture or renewable energy.
  8. Consider Holding Periods: Depending on your investment goals, consider the length of time you plan to hold assets. Holding investments for a certain period may result in tax benefits.

Challenges and Risks:

Non-resident investors in Lagos face several challenges and risks when implementing tax planning strategies:

  1. Complexity: Nigerian tax laws can be intricate, and compliance requires a deep understanding of local regulations.
  2. Regulatory Changes: Tax laws and regulations can change over time, impacting the effectiveness of tax planning strategies.
  3. Documentation Burden: Maintaining detailed records and documentation is essential but can be administratively burdensome.
  4. Exchange Rate Risks: Fluctuations in exchange rates can affect the value of investments and tax calculations.


Tax planning is a critical aspect of managing investments for non-resident investors in Lagos State. By implementing effective tax planning strategies, non-resident investors can optimize their returns, ensure compliance with Nigerian tax laws, and navigate the complexities of the local tax landscape. Consulting with local tax experts and staying informed about regulatory changes are key steps toward achieving tax efficiency in Lagos’ dynamic investment environment.

For professional advice on Accountancy, Transfer Pricing, Tax, Assurance, Outsourcing, online accounting support, Company Registration, and CAC matters, please contact Sunmola David & CO (Chartered Accountants & Tax Practitioners) at Lagos, Ogun state Nigeria offices, You can also reach us via WhatsApp at +2348038460036.