Tax Implications of Mergers and Acquisitions under Nigeria Finance Act 2022.

Mergers and Acquisitions 2023: Differences and Examples - Business Yield


Mergers and acquisitions (M&A) are significant corporate transactions that can have profound tax implications. The Nigeria Finance Act 2022 introduces changes to the tax landscape that impact the way M&A deals are structured and executed. In this article, we will delve into the key tax implications of M&A under the Nigeria Finance Act 2022 and provide insights for businesses considering such transactions.

  • Capital Gains Tax (CGT) on Asset Transfers:

The Act introduces changes to the Capital Gains Tax (CGT) regime. For asset transfers, the Act prescribes CGT on the gains arising from the transfer of assets at market value. This includes assets transferred as part of M&A deals.

Implication: Businesses involved in M&A should assess the potential CGT liabilities resulting from asset transfers and factor them into their transaction planning.

  • Stamp Duty on M&A Transactions:

The Act revises the stamp duty rates for various transactions, including those related to M&A. Stamp duty is applicable on instruments such as share purchase agreements, asset transfer agreements, and other documents used in M&A transactions.

Implication: Parties to M&A deals should consider the stamp duty implications of their agreements and ensure compliance with the new rates.

  • Group Relief for Losses:

The Act introduces group relief provisions that allow losses incurred by one company in a group to be offset against the profits of another company in the same group. This provision can be relevant in post-M&A integration efforts.

Implication: Businesses involved in M&A should consider the group relief provisions when assessing the overall tax position of the combined entity.

  • Transfer Pricing Considerations:

In M&A involving related parties, transfer pricing considerations are crucial. The Act emphasizes transfer pricing rules and documentation requirements, requiring transactions between related entities to be at arm’s length.

Implication: Businesses should conduct thorough transfer pricing analyses for transactions between related parties to ensure compliance with the Act’s requirements and avoid potential disputes.

  • Compliance with GAAR:

The General Anti-Avoidance Rule (GAAR) introduced by the Act can impact the tax implications of M&A transactions. Transactions structured to obtain a tax advantage without a valid commercial purpose may be disregarded.

Implication: Businesses planning M&A deals should ensure that their transactions have valid commercial purposes and do not fall afoul of GAAR provisions.

  • Professional Advice:

Given the complexity of tax implications in M&A, seeking professional advice is paramount. Tax experts can provide insights into transaction structures, identify potential tax savings, and ensure compliance with the Act’s provisions.

Implication: Businesses considering M&A transactions should engage experienced tax advisors to guide them through the complex tax landscape and optimize their tax outcomes.


Mergers and acquisitions are complex transactions with far-reaching tax implications. The Nigeria Finance Act 2022 introduces changes to the tax framework that directly impact the tax considerations of M&A deals. As businesses navigate this evolving landscape, they should prioritize thorough due diligence, comprehensive tax planning, and compliance with the Act’s provisions.

By understanding the Act’s implications for capital gains tax, stamp duty, group relief, transfer pricing, GAAR, and seeking professional advice, businesses can structure M&A transactions that align with the new regulations, optimize their tax outcomes, and contribute to their overall success in Nigeria’s dynamic business environment.

For professional advice on Accountancy, Transfer Pricing, Tax, Assurance, Outsourcing, online accounting support, Company Registration, and CAC matters, please contact Sunmola David & CO (Chartered Accountants & Tax Practitioners) at Lagos, Ogun state Nigeria offices, . You can also reach us via WhatsApp at +2348038460036.