Tax Implications of Employee Benefits: Insights from the Nigeria Finance Act 2019.


Employee benefits are a crucial aspect of modern employment packages, helping organizations attract and retain top talent while ensuring employee satisfaction and well-being. However, both employers and employees need to be aware of the tax implications associated with these benefits. The Nigeria Finance Act 2019 brought significant changes to the taxation of employee benefits, impacting how they are assessed, taxed, and reported. In this article, we will explore the key insights from the Finance Act 2019 regarding the tax implications of employee benefits in Nigeria.

1. Taxation of Benefits in Kind: The Finance Act 2019 introduced changes to the taxation of benefits in kind, such as accommodation, vehicles, and non-cash rewards provided by employers to employees. These benefits are now subject to Pay As You Earn (PAYE) taxation. Employers are required to calculate the taxable value of these benefits and deduct the appropriate taxes from employees’ salaries.

2. Value of Benefits in Kind: To determine the taxable value of benefits in kind, the Finance Act 2019 provides guidelines for calculating the fair market value of these benefits. This includes considerations for the market value of the benefit, the number of days it was provided, and any payments made by the employee for the benefit.

3. Tax Relief for Pensions: The Act provides tax relief for employer contributions to approved pension schemes. Employer contributions to employees’ pension funds are not subject to tax, up to a specified limit. This provision encourages employers to support their employees’ retirement planning and financial security.

4. Taxation of Bonuses and Gratuities: The Finance Act 2019 introduced changes to the taxation of bonuses and gratuities. These payments are now subject to tax under the PAYE system. Employers are responsible for deducting taxes from these payments and remitting them to the tax authorities.

5. Reporting and Compliance: Employers are required to maintain accurate records of employee benefits and deductions for tax purposes. Proper record-keeping and compliance with reporting requirements are essential to avoid penalties and legal consequences. Employers must also provide employees with detailed statements outlining the tax deductions made from their salaries.

6. Seeking Professional Guidance: Navigating the complex tax implications of employee benefits can be challenging. Employers and employees are encouraged to seek professional guidance from accounting and tax experts to ensure compliance with the new regulations and optimize tax planning strategies.


The Nigeria Finance Act 2019 has introduced significant changes to the taxation of employee benefits, emphasizing transparency, accuracy, and compliance. Both employers and employees must be aware of these changes and take appropriate steps to meet their tax obligations. By understanding the tax implications of employee benefits and seeking professional guidance, employers can ensure responsible tax practices while employees can effectively plan for their tax liabilities. The Finance Act 2019 aligns with the government’s commitment to a fair and transparent tax system that supports economic growth and development in Nigeria.

For professional advice on Accountancy, Transfer Pricing, Tax, Assurance, Outsourcing, online accounting support, Company Registration, and CAC matters, please contact Sunmola David & CO (Chartered Accountants & Tax Practitioners) at Lagos, Ogun state Nigeria offices, You can also reach us via WhatsApp at +2348038460036.