Tax Efficiency in the New Era: Finance Act 2020 and Strategic Tax Planning.


The Finance Act 2020 represents a pivotal shift in Nigeria’s tax landscape. Enacted with the aim of promoting fiscal responsibility, enhancing revenue generation and creating a more favorable business environment, this act introduces several amendments that significantly impact businesses and individuals alike. In this article, we will delve into the importance of tax efficiency in the new era shaped by the Finance Act 2020 and how strategic tax planning can help individuals and businesses navigate this changing landscape effectively.

The Significance of Tax Efficiency:

Tax efficiency refers to the practice of legally minimizing tax liabilities while complying with all applicable tax laws. In essence, it is about optimizing your financial position to reduce the amount of taxes you owe, thereby preserving capital and enhancing profitability. In the wake of the Finance Act 2020, tax efficiency has become more critical than ever for both individuals and businesses.

Key Considerations for Tax Efficiency:

  1. Income Tax Planning: The Finance Act 2020 introduces changes to income tax rates and thresholds. It’s crucial for individuals and businesses to review their tax structures to assess whether they remain optimal under the new rates. Leveraging tax incentives and reliefs, such as those for investments in specific sectors like agriculture or infrastructure, can significantly reduce tax liability while contributing to national development goals.
  2. VAT Planning: The act increases the VAT rate from 5% to 7.5%. To mitigate the impact on consumers and businesses, it is essential to review pricing strategies and communicate any necessary price adjustments transparently. VAT-registered businesses should maintain accurate records and ensure timely remittance to avoid penalties.
  3. Transfer Pricing Regulations: The Finance Act 2020 strengthens transfer pricing regulations, emphasizing the arm’s length principle in related-party transactions. Businesses should review and strengthen their transfer pricing documentation to ensure compliance and avoid potential penalties.
  4. Capital Gains Tax (CGT) Planning: The act amends CGT provisions, impacting the taxation of gains from asset sales, mergers, or acquisitions. Careful valuation of assets and consideration of available CGT exemptions, such as those for shares listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange, can optimize tax positions.
  5. Tax Loss Utilization: The act introduces limitations on the utilization of tax losses. Companies should assess the impact on their tax positions and consider strategies to optimize the use of losses, such as restructuring or profit planning.
  6. Digital Economy Focus: Companies operating in the digital economy should be aware of the act’s provisions related to VAT on digital services and adjust their compliance and pricing strategies accordingly. Investment in tax compliance software and digital solutions can streamline processes and reduce the risk of errors.
  7. Consultation with Tax Professionals: Engaging experienced tax professionals is essential for individuals and businesses to navigate the complexities of the Finance Act 2020 effectively.

Benefits of Tax Efficiency:

  1. Cost Savings: Tax-efficient strategies can lead to significant cost savings by optimizing tax positions and reducing liabilities.
  2. Enhanced Profitability: Lower tax burdens contribute to increased profitability, allowing businesses and individuals to retain more of their income and capital.
  3. Competitiveness: Tax-efficient structures can make businesses more competitive in the marketplace, as they can offer competitive pricing or invest more in growth initiatives.
  4. Compliance and Risk Mitigation: Tax-efficient structures ensure compliance with tax laws and reduce the risk of penalties or legal issues associated with non-compliance.


In the era shaped by the Finance Act 2020, tax efficiency is not just a financial strategy; it is a strategic imperative. By staying informed about the provisions of the act, leveraging incentives and reliefs, maintaining transparent pricing strategies, enhancing transfer pricing documentation and seeking professional tax guidance, individuals and businesses can navigate the complexities of the Finance Act 2020 while optimizing their tax efficiency.

For professional advice on Accountancy, Transfer Pricing, Tax, Assurance, Outsourcing, online accounting support, Company Registration, and CAC matters, please contact Sunmola David & CO (Chartered Accountants & Tax Practitioners) at Lagos, Ogun state Nigeria offices, You can also reach us via WhatsApp at +2348038460036.