Recent Amendments to the CIT Act: Key Changes and Implications for Companies in Nigeria.





As an audit firm committed to providing valuable insights and professional services, we understand the importance of staying informed about the ever-evolving regulatory landscape. We are pleased to present this comprehensive overview of the recent amendments to the Companies Income Tax (CIT) Act in Nigeria. These changes have significant implications for businesses operating in the country, and we believe our expertise can help your company navigate and comply with these revised tax laws.


Key Changes in the Companies Income Tax Act:

  1. Introduction of Digital Taxation: One of the most noteworthy amendments is the introduction of digital taxation. With the increasing digitalization of the economy, Nigeria has adapted its tax framework to address the challenges posed by digital businesses. Under these amendments, companies that provide digital services within Nigeria are now subject to tax even if they do not have a physical presence in the country. This change aims to ensure that digital companies contribute their fair share to the Nigerian economy.


  1. Minimum Tax Provision: The amended CIT Act introduces a minimum tax provision to prevent companies from avoiding taxes through various deductions and incentives. Now, all companies operating in Nigeria must pay a minimum tax, regardless of their profitability or tax losses. This provision will ensure a more stable and sustainable tax revenue for the Nigerian government.


  1. Thin Capitalization Rules: The revised CIT Act has introduced thin capitalization rules to limit the tax deductibility of interest on debts owed to related foreign entities. These rules are aimed at curbing excessive interest deductions, preventing profit shifting, and encouraging fair taxation of multinational corporations with significant cross-border transactions.


  1. Tax Incentives for SMEs: In a bid to promote Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs), the Nigerian government has introduced attractive tax incentives for qualifying businesses. These incentives include reduced tax rates, tax holidays, and allowances for research and development expenses. SMEs can now take advantage of these provisions to foster growth and innovation in their respective industries.


  1. Controlled Foreign Company (CFC) Rules: The amended CIT Act incorporates Controlled Foreign Company (CFC) rules to tackle the practice of profit diversion to low-tax jurisdictions. Under these rules, Nigerian companies with significant interests in foreign entities will be subject to taxation on their share of income generated by those foreign subsidiaries.


Implications for Companies:

  1. Compliance Requirements: With these recent amendments, compliance with tax laws has become more complex and stringent. Companies must now ensure they meet all the necessary requirements to avoid penalties and scrutiny from tax authorities.


  1. Tax Planning and Strategy: Given the changes in the minimum tax provision and thin capitalization rules, companies need to reevaluate their tax planning and strategy. Engaging with a reputable audit firm can help companies optimize their tax positions while remaining compliant with the law.
  1. Digital Businesses: Digital companies operating in Nigeria should carefully assess their tax liabilities in light of the new digital taxation provisions. Even if they lack a physical presence in Nigeria, they may still be subject to tax on their Nigerian-sourced income.


  1. Record-Keeping and Documentation: To demonstrate compliance and eligibility for tax incentives, companies must maintain accurate and up-to-date records and documentation. Proper accounting practices and documentation are essential to avoid potential disputes with tax authorities.



The recent amendments to the Companies Income Tax Act in Nigeria mark a significant shift in the country’s tax landscape. As an audit firm well-versed in Nigerian tax laws, we are here to assist your company in navigating these changes and ensuring compliance. Our expert team can provide tailored solutions to optimize your tax position while mitigating potential risks. We look forward to supporting your business and helping you thrive in this evolving tax environment.


For professional advice on Accountancy, Transfer Pricing, Tax, Assurance, Outsourcing, online accounting support, Company Registration, and CAC matters, please contact Sunmola David & CO (Chartered Accountants & Tax Practitioners) at Lagos, Ogun state Nigeria offices, You can also reach us via WhatsApp at +2348038460036.