Property Transactions in Lagos: LIRS’s Guidelines for Taxation and Compliance.

Henrico Property Transactions: July 5-11, 2023 - The Henrico Citizen


Property transactions in Lagos, Nigeria’s commercial capital are a significant part of the local economy. Whether it is buying, selling, or leasing real estate, these transactions generate substantial revenue. The Lagos Inland Revenue Service (LIRS) plays a pivotal role in ensuring that property transactions are conducted transparently, fairly and in compliance with tax regulations. In this article, we will explore the importance of property taxation, the guidelines set by the LIRS and the role they play in maintaining a thriving real estate market in Lagos.

The Importance of Property Taxation:

Property taxation is a vital revenue source for Lagos State. It supports the development of public infrastructure, education, healthcare and various other essential services. Moreover, property taxation ensures that property owners contribute to the economic development of the state in proportion to their real estate holdings. Effective property taxation also discourages speculative buying and encourages productive land use.

LIRS’s Guidelines for Property Taxation and Compliance:

The Lagos Inland Revenue Service has established clear guidelines for property taxation and compliance to ensure the efficient and equitable collection of property taxes. Here are key aspects of these guidelines:

  1. Property Valuation: The LIRS employs a professional valuation team to assess the value of properties for taxation purposes. Property valuations are conducted periodically to reflect changes in property values.
  2. Property Tax Assessment: Property owners receive assessment notices that detail the assessed value of their properties and the corresponding tax liabilities. Property owners are required to review and confirm these assessments for accuracy.
  3. Payment Deadlines: Property owners are provided with specific deadlines for the payment of property taxes. Timely payment is encouraged through discounts or incentives, while late payments may result in penalties.
  4. Tax Categories: The LIRS classifies properties into different tax categories based on their use, location and other factors. Each category may have a different tax rate, ensuring that taxation is tailored to property characteristics.
  5. Tax Compliance Certification: Property owners must obtain a tax compliance certificate from the LIRS before conducting property transactions. This ensures that property taxes are up to date.
  6. Transaction Reporting: All property transactions, including sales, leases, and transfers, must be reported to the LIRS. This allows the LIRS to monitor and verify property transactions for taxation purposes.
  7. Taxpayer Education: The LIRS conducts taxpayer education programs and workshops to educate property owners about their tax obligations and the benefits of compliance.

The Impact on Lagos’ Real Estate Market:

LIRS’s guidelines for property taxation and compliance have several positive impacts on Lagos’ real estate market:

  1. Revenue Generation: Property taxes contribute significantly to Lagos State’s revenue, which can be reinvested in public services and infrastructure.
  2. Fairness and Equity: Property taxation ensures that property owners contribute to government revenue in proportion to their holdings, promoting fairness and equity.
  3. Market Stability: Effective property taxation discourages speculative buying and promotes long-term investment, contributing to market stability.
  4. Transparency: Transparent property transactions foster trust and confidence in the real estate market, attracting both domestic and foreign investors.
  5. Infrastructure Development: Revenue from property taxes is often channeled into infrastructure projects that benefit the entire community, making the real estate market more attractive.


Property transactions are a cornerstone of Lagos’ economy and property taxation is essential for funding public services and infrastructure development. The Lagos Inland Revenue Service’s guidelines for property taxation and compliance ensure that property transactions are conducted transparently, fairly and in accordance with tax regulations. These guidelines not only contribute to revenue generation but also promote fairness, equity and market stability in Lagos’ real estate sector. As the real estate market continues to grow, the collaboration between property owners and the LIRS will be instrumental in maintaining a thriving and transparent property ecosystem in Lagos.

For professional advice on Accountancy, Transfer Pricing, Tax, Assurance, Outsourcing, online accounting support, Company Registration, and CAC matters, please contact Sunmola David & CO (Chartered Accountants & Tax Practitioners) at Lagos, Ogun state Nigeria offices, You can also reach us via WhatsApp at +2348038460036.