Nigeria Finance Act 2020 and the Real Estate Sector: Opportunities and Challenges


The Nigeria Finance Act of 2020 introduced a range of tax and fiscal measures to promote economic growth and enhance revenue generation. As a leading accounting firm in Nigeria, we delve into the implications of the Act on the real estate sector, one of the key drivers of the country’s economy. This article explores the opportunities and challenges brought about by the Finance Act 2020 for the real estate industry.

Opportunities in the Real Estate Sector:

1. Stamp Duty on Rental Agreements:

The Finance Act 2020 expanded the scope of stamp duty to include rental agreements. This presents an opportunity for increased revenue generation for the government from the rental market. Real estate professionals can work with clients to ensure compliance with the new stamp duty requirements and facilitate a smooth transition to the updated tax regime.

2. Capital Gains Tax (CGT) Exemption for Investment in Infrastructure Companies:

The Act provides a CGT exemption on the transfer of assets to a Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT) or an infrastructure company approved by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and the Federal Inland Revenue Service (FIRS). This incentivizes investment in REITs and infrastructure companies, fostering growth in the real estate and infrastructure sectors.

3. Tax Deductibility of Donations to Infrastructure Companies:

Individuals and corporations can enjoy tax deductions for donations made to infrastructure companies approved by the relevant authorities. This measure encourages private sector participation in infrastructure development, boosting investment in real estate projects that contribute to Nigeria’s economic growth.

4. Extension of Exemption on Small Companies Income Tax:

The Finance Act 2020 extended the exemption of small companies with an annual turnover of 25 million Naira or less from paying Companies Income Tax (CIT) to include an additional three years. This extension provides a conducive environment for small real estate businesses to grow and thrive.

Challenges in the Real Estate Sector:

1. Impact of COVID-19 on Rental Income:

The real estate sector, like many others, faced challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic. Lockdown measures and economic uncertainties affected rental income for property owners and developers. Real estate professionals must navigate these challenges and explore innovative ways to adapt to changing market dynamics.

2. Compliance with New Tax Provisions:

With the expansion of stamp duty to rental agreements and other tax changes, real estate stakeholders need to ensure compliance with the updated tax provisions. This may require additional administrative efforts and expert guidance to understand and implement the new tax regulations effectively.

3. Economic and Political Stability:

Economic and political stability are critical for a thriving real estate sector. The Nigerian real estate industry relies on a stable macroeconomic environment, favorable government policies, and a secure investment climate. Any disruptions to these factors could impact investment decisions and project developments.

4. Infrastructure and Regulatory Bottlenecks:

Infrastructure deficiencies and regulatory bottlenecks can hinder the growth of the real estate sector. Adequate infrastructure, such as roads, power, and water supply, is essential to support real estate developments. Streamlining regulatory processes and addressing bureaucratic challenges can attract more investments to the sector.


The Nigeria Finance Act 2020 presents both opportunities and challenges for the real estate sector. The expansion of stamp duty to rental agreements and tax incentives for infrastructure investments offer opportunities for revenue generation and growth. However, challenges, such as the impact of COVID-19 on rental income, compliance with new tax provisions, economic and political stability, and infrastructure and regulatory bottlenecks, require careful consideration and proactive strategies. As a reputable accounting firm in Nigeria, we recommend real estate professionals to stay informed about the provisions of the Finance Act 2020 and seek expert advice to navigate the opportunities and challenges effectively. By understanding the implications of the Act and adopting strategic approaches, the real estate sector can contribute significantly to Nigeria’s economic development and prosperity.

For professional advice on Accountancy, Transfer Pricing, Tax, Assurance, Outsourcing, Company Registration, and CAC matters, please contact Sunmola David & CO (Chartered Accountants & Tax Practitioners) at You can also reach us via WhatsApp at +2348038460036