Nigeria Finance Act 2019: Promoting Tax Transparency and Accountability



Nigeria Finance Act 2019: Promoting Tax Transparency and Accountability




As a reputable accounting firm in Nigeria, we understand the vital role that transparent and accountable tax systems play in fostering economic growth and development. The Nigeria Finance Act 2019 represents a significant step towards enhancing tax transparency and accountability in the country. In this article, we explore the key provisions of the Nigeria Finance Act 2019 and its contributions to promoting a fair and efficient tax regime.


Overview of the Nigeria Finance Act 2019


The Nigeria Finance Act 2019, signed into law on January 13, 2020, is a comprehensive legislation that seeks to address fiscal challenges, simplify tax administration, and enhance revenue generation for the government. The Act introduces various reforms to improve tax transparency and accountability, ultimately creating an environment that encourages compliance and fosters economic prosperity.


Key Provisions Promoting Tax Transparency and Accountability


  1. Digital Taxation: The Finance Act 2019 introduces measures to tax digital transactions and services, ensuring that businesses operating in the digital space contribute their fair share to the Nigerian economy. This move aligns with global efforts to tax digital services and promotes transparency in the rapidly growing digital economy.


  1. Value Added Tax (VAT) Rate Increase: The Act raises the standard VAT rate from 5% to 7.5%. This increase aims to boost government revenue while maintaining transparency in tax collection.


  1. Stamp Duties Enforcement: The Finance Act 2019 reinforces the enforcement of stamp duties on various transactions, including electronic transfers and lease agreements. This measure enhances accountability and compliance with stamp duty obligations.


  1. Tax Identification Number (TIN) Enforcement: The Act emphasizes the importance of obtaining and using TINs in financial transactions. This requirement enhances tax monitoring and fosters greater accountability among taxpayers.


  1. Small Business Tax Exemptions: The Finance Act 2019 exempts small companies with an annual gross turnover of 25 million Naira or less from Companies Income Tax (CIT). This provision supports small businesses while promoting transparency in the tax system.


  1. Base Year for Capital Gains Tax (CGT): The Act modifies the base year for calculating CGT on assets acquired before January 1, 2018. This change ensures a more accurate and transparent calculation of capital gains.


Benefits of Tax Transparency and Accountability


The Nigeria Finance Act 2019’s focus on tax transparency and accountability yields several benefits for the country:


  1. Enhanced Revenue Collection: Transparent tax systems promote compliance, leading to increased revenue collection for the government. This additional revenue can be channeled towards developmental projects and social welfare programs.


  1. Business Confidence and Investment: Transparent and accountable tax systems instill confidence in businesses and investors, encouraging both domestic and foreign investments in Nigeria.


  1. Reduction in Tax Evasion: With improved monitoring and enforcement, tax evasion is reduced, resulting in a fairer tax system and a level playing field for all taxpayers.


  1. Simplified Tax Administration: Transparent tax laws and procedures lead to simplified tax administration, making it easier for taxpayers to understand and comply with their tax obligations.




The Nigeria Finance Act 2019 represents a significant milestone in promoting tax transparency and accountability in Nigeria. By introducing measures to tax digital transactions, reinforcing stamp duties enforcement, and encouraging compliance through exemptions and TIN enforcement, the Act fosters a tax environment that promotes fairness, efficiency, and economic growth.


As an accounting firm committed to upholding the principles of tax transparency and accountability, [Your Accounting Firm] is dedicated to assisting businesses and individuals in navigating the complexities of the Nigeria Finance Act 2019. Our expert team can provide personalized tax planning and advisory services, enabling you to comply with the Act’s provisions while contributing to the nation’s economic development.


Disclaimer: This article is for informational purposes only and should not be considered as legal or financial advice. Readers are advised to consult with professional advisors to understand how the Nigeria Finance Act 2019 specifically impacts their tax situations and compliance obligations.

For professional advice on Accountancy, Transfer Pricing, Tax, Assurance, Outsourcing, Company Registration, and CAC matters, please contact Sunmola David & CO (Chartered Accountants & Tax Practitioners) at You can also reach us via WhatsApp at +2348038460036.