Navigating the Anti-Tax Avoidance Measures in the Nigeria Finance Act 2022.


Tax avoidance, while legal, has been a topic of concern for governments worldwide, including Nigeria. The Nigeria Finance Act 2022 introduces a comprehensive set of anti-tax avoidance measures aimed at preventing aggressive tax planning and ensuring a fair and transparent tax system. In this article, we will delve into the key anti-tax avoidance measures in the Nigeria Finance Act 2022 and provide insights on how businesses can navigate these measures while optimizing their tax positions.

  • General Anti-Avoidance Rule (GAAR):

The Act introduces a General Anti-Avoidance Rule (GAAR) to counteract arrangements or transactions that have the main purpose of obtaining a tax advantage. GAAR empowers tax authorities to disregard or recharacterize such transactions for tax purposes.

Implication: Businesses should ensure that their transactions have valid commercial purposes beyond obtaining tax advantages to avoid potential GAAR implications.

  • Controlled Foreign Company (CFC) Rules:

The CFC rules in the Act target income diversion to low-tax jurisdictions. Under these rules, income of a foreign company controlled by Nigerian residents may be attributed to Nigerian shareholders and subject to taxation in Nigeria.

Implication: Nigerian investors in foreign companies should assess the potential application of CFC rules and evaluate their investment structures to mitigate adverse tax consequences.

  • Thin Capitalization Rules:

The Act introduces thin capitalization rules to prevent excessive interest deductions by limiting the amount of interest expenses that can be claimed on loans from related parties.

Implication: Businesses with related-party loans should review their financing structures to ensure compliance with thin capitalization rules and avoid the disallowance of interest deductions.

  • Controlled Transactions and Transfer Pricing:

The Act enhances transfer pricing regulations, requiring related-party transactions to be conducted at arm’s length. Tax authorities are empowered to make adjustments to transactions that do not meet arm’s length standards.

Implication: Businesses engaging in cross-border transactions with related parties should conduct thorough transfer pricing analyses, document transactions, and ensure compliance with arm’s length principles.

  • Reporting of Tax Avoidance Schemes:

The Act introduces mandatory reporting requirements for tax avoidance schemes. Promoters and participants of such schemes are obligated to disclose relevant information to tax authorities.

Implication: Businesses should be aware of the reporting requirements and ensure that their tax planning strategies adhere to the law and are transparent to tax authorities.

  • Professional Advice and Tax Planning:

The Act acknowledges that professional advice is a valid consideration in assessing tax avoidance. Taxpayers relying on professional advice in their tax planning may be subject to reduced penalties if the advice is provided by a qualified expert.

Implication: Businesses seeking tax planning strategies should engage qualified tax professionals to ensure their compliance with the Act and mitigate potential risks.


The Nigeria Finance Act 2022 introduces a robust framework of anti-tax avoidance measures to enhance the integrity of the tax system. While the Act aims to curb aggressive tax planning, it also emphasizes the importance of prudent tax planning within the bounds of the law. Businesses should stay informed about the anti-tax avoidance measures, review their existing structures, transactions, and tax planning strategies, and seek professional guidance to ensure compliance and optimize their tax positions.

By navigating the anti-tax avoidance measures thoughtfully and proactively, businesses can maintain a strong reputation, minimize the risk of disputes with tax authorities, and contribute to a fair and transparent tax environment that supports Nigeria’s economic growth and development.

For professional advice on Accountancy, Transfer Pricing, Tax, Assurance, Outsourcing, online accounting support, Company Registration, and CAC matters, please contact Sunmola David & CO (Chartered Accountants & Tax Practitioners) at Lagos, Ogun state Nigeria offices, You can also reach us via WhatsApp at +2348038460036.