Lagos Internal Revenue Service’s Role in Informal Sector Taxation.

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The informal sector constitutes a significant and dynamic segment of Lagos State’s economy, providing livelihoods for a substantial portion of the population. Recognizing the importance of bringing this sector into the formal tax net, the Lagos Internal Revenue Service (LIRS) has taken proactive measures to streamline and optimize the taxation of informal businesses. In this article, we will delve into the crucial role played by the LIRS in informal sector taxation, the challenges faced, and the innovative strategies employed to ensure a fair and equitable tax system.

Understanding the Informal Sector:

The informal sector encompasses a wide range of economic activities, including street vending, small traders, artisans, and service providers. While contributing significantly to economic activities, these businesses often operate outside the formal regulatory framework, making taxation a complex endeavor.

Role of the LIRS:

  1. Tax Education and Awareness: One of the primary roles of the LIRS in the informal sector is to raise awareness about the benefits of formalization and taxation. Through outreach programs, workshops, and community engagements, the LIRS educates informal businesses about their tax obligations, rights, and the advantages of being part of the formal economy.
  2. Simplified Tax Processes: The LIRS recognizes the need for simplicity in tax procedures for informal businesses. To this end, it has introduced user-friendly processes for tax registration, payment, and compliance. This streamlining reduces administrative barriers and encourages voluntary tax compliance.
  3. Tailored Tax Solutions: Understanding the unique nature of informal businesses, the LIRS has introduced specialized tax solutions that cater to the sector’s needs. These solutions consider factors such as turnover, business size, and operational characteristics to ensure that the tax burden is reasonable and proportionate.
  4. Collaboration and Partnerships: The LIRS collaborates with local associations, community leaders, and stakeholders in the informal sector to foster cooperation and compliance. This collaborative approach helps build trust, reduce resistance, and create an environment where businesses willingly participate in the formal tax system.

Challenges and Innovative Strategies:

  1. Limited Financial Records: Informal businesses often lack comprehensive financial records, making it challenging to accurately assess their tax liabilities. To address this, the LIRS has introduced simplified methods of estimating income, enabling businesses to pay taxes based on reasonable assumptions.
  2. Trust Building: Building trust with informal businesses is essential. The LIRS has adopted an approach of transparency, fairness, and accessibility in its interactions with the sector. This helps dispel misconceptions and reluctance, fostering a sense of partnership in the tax compliance process.
  3. Digital Transformation: Leveraging technology, the LIRS has developed digital platforms that allow informal businesses to register and file taxes online. This digitization not only enhances convenience but also reduces opportunities for corruption and ensures transparency in the tax process.
  4. Incentives for Compliance: To incentivize compliance, the LIRS has introduced reward-based programs where compliant businesses receive certificates or recognition, boosting their reputation and credibility within their communities.


The role of the Lagos Internal Revenue Service in informal sector taxation is instrumental in fostering economic growth, broadening the tax base, and creating a more inclusive economy. By providing education, simplifying processes, tailoring solutions, and collaborating with stakeholders, the LIRS is transforming informal businesses into legitimate contributors to the state’s revenue and development.

As the LIRS continues its efforts to bring informal businesses into the formal tax net, the dividends are multi-fold—enhanced revenue collection, improved public services, and the gradual upliftment of the informal sector. Through its innovative strategies and commitment to inclusivity, the LIRS sets a commendable example of how effective tax administration can positively impact the lives of businesses and individuals alike, propelling Lagos State toward a more prosperous and equitable future.

For professional advice on Accountancy, Transfer Pricing, Tax, Assurance, Outsourcing, online accounting support, Company Registration, and CAC matters, please contact Sunmola David & CO (Chartered Accountants & Tax Practitioners) at Lagos, Ogun state Nigeria offices, You can also reach us via WhatsApp at +2348038460036.