Indirect Taxation in Nigeria Finance Act 2022: Changes to Excise Duties and Customs Tariffs.


Indirect taxation, which includes excise duties and customs tariffs, is a crucial revenue source for governments worldwide. The Nigeria Finance Act 2022 introduces significant changes to the country’s indirect taxation framework, impacting businesses engaged in the production, import, and sale of various goods. In this article, we will delve into the key modifications to excise duties and customs tariffs under the Nigeria Finance Act 2022 and explore their implications for businesses and the Nigerian economy.

  • Excise Duties: Broadening the Scope

The Act expands the scope of goods subject to excise duties, which are taxes levied on certain locally manufactured and imported products. In addition to the existing excisable goods, new categories of products, such as carbonated drinks, alcoholic beverages, and tobacco, now attract higher excise duties.

Implication: Manufacturers and importers of excisable goods should review their production and import processes to ensure compliance with the expanded scope and higher excise duty rates.

  • Customs Tariffs: Revised Rates:

The Act revises customs tariff rates for various goods, impacting the costs of importing goods into Nigeria. Certain goods may face higher tariffs, while others could see reductions.

Implication: Importers and exporters should reassess their supply chains, pricing structures, and sourcing strategies to adapt to the new customs tariff rates.

  • Revenue Generation and Economic Policy:

The changes in excise duties and customs tariffs under the Act align with the Nigerian government’s revenue generation goals and economic policy objectives. The Act aims to strike a balance between revenue generation and protecting local industries by discouraging certain imports.

Implication: Businesses should consider the broader economic context when planning production, import, and pricing strategies to remain competitive and compliant.

  • Compliance and Documentation:

With the changes to excise duties and customs tariffs, compliance becomes paramount. Accurate documentation, proper valuation, and classification of goods are essential to avoid disputes with customs authorities.

Implication: Businesses should enhance their internal controls, documentation processes, and customs valuation practices to ensure smooth customs clearance and minimize potential penalties.

  • Impact on Consumer Behavior:

Higher excise duties on products such as carbonated drinks and alcoholic beverages may impact consumer behavior and consumption patterns. Price increases resulting from higher duties could lead to changes in consumer preferences.

Implication: Businesses in affected industries should anticipate potential shifts in consumer behavior and adjust their market strategies accordingly.

  • Cross-Border Trade Considerations:

The Act’s changes to customs tariffs have implications for cross-border trade and trade agreements. Businesses engaged in international trade should stay informed about the Act’s impact on existing trade arrangements.

Implication: Businesses involved in cross-border trade should monitor changes to customs tariffs, assess their trade agreements, and explore new opportunities in line with the Act’s provisions.


The Nigeria Finance Act 2022 introduces significant changes to excise duties and customs tariffs, impacting businesses engaged in manufacturing, importing, and trade. As the regulatory landscape evolves, businesses should be proactive in understanding the changes, revisiting their supply chain strategies, ensuring compliance with documentation and valuation requirements, and aligning their operations with the Act’s provisions.

By navigating the changes to indirect taxation thoughtfully and strategically, businesses can optimize their operations, maintain compliance, and contribute to the overall economic growth and development of Nigeria.

For professional advice on Accountancy, Transfer Pricing, Tax, Assurance, Outsourcing, online accounting support, Company Registration, and CAC matters, please contact Sunmola David & CO (Chartered Accountants & Tax Practitioners) at Lagos, Ogun state Nigeria offices, You can also reach us via WhatsApp at +2348038460036.