FIRS Tax Assessments and Business Valuation: Addressing Challenges for Growing Companies in Nigeria.


Business valuation is a critical financial process that involves determining the economic worth of a company. In Nigeria, as businesses grow and evolve, the need for accurate business valuations becomes increasingly important, especially in the context of tax assessments by the Federal Inland Revenue Service (FIRS). This article explores the relationship between FIRS tax assessments and business valuation and offers insights into addressing the challenges that growing companies may encounter in this area.

The Significance of Business Valuation:

Business valuation serves several essential purposes:

  1. Tax Compliance: Valuation is crucial for determining the accurate tax liability of a company, including corporate income tax, capital gains tax and other taxes.
  2. Financial Reporting: Valuation helps in presenting a true and fair view of a company’s financial position, especially for regulatory compliance and financial statement purposes.
  3. Mergers and Acquisitions: Accurate valuation is essential when buying or selling a business to ensure a fair price and a smooth transaction.
  4. Shareholder Disputes: Valuation is often necessary to resolve disputes among shareholders, especially in closely-held companies.
  5. Estate Planning: Valuation plays a role in estate planning, helping business owners make informed decisions regarding succession and inheritance.

FIRS Tax Assessments and Business Valuation:

The FIRS uses business valuation as a critical tool for assessing and determining the tax liability of companies. Here’s how they are connected:

  1. Transfer Pricing: For businesses with cross-border transactions with related parties, FIRS requires transfer pricing documentation, which involves valuing these transactions at arm’s length prices.
  2. Asset Valuation: FIRS may assess the value of a company’s assets, such as land, buildings, machinery and intellectual property, to calculate the correct capital gains tax or assess other property-related taxes.
  3. Income Valuation: The taxable income of a business is based on its earnings, which can be influenced by various factors like market conditions and profitability. An accurate business valuation helps FIRS assess the appropriate income tax.

Challenges for Growing Companies:

Growing companies often face specific challenges related to business valuation and FIRS tax assessments:

  1. Complexity: As companies expand and diversify, their structures become more intricate, making the valuation process more complex.
  2. Limited Historical Data: Startups and rapidly growing businesses may have limited historical financial data, making it challenging to predict future cash flows accurately.
  3. Unique Business Models: Some growing companies operate in unique markets or industries, requiring specialized valuation methods that FIRS may not be familiar with.
  4. Tax Compliance Burden: Valuation-related tax compliance can be time-consuming and resource-intensive, diverting attention from core business operations.

Addressing Challenges for Growing Companies:

  1. Engage Expert Valuators: Hire experienced valuation professionals who understand the complexities of business valuation and can provide accurate assessments for tax purposes.
  2. Document and Justify Valuations: Maintain thorough documentation of the valuation process, including assumptions, methodologies and data sources. Be prepared to justify valuations during FIRS audits.
  3. Stay Informed: Keep abreast of changes in tax laws and regulations related to business valuation to ensure compliance and avoid surprises during assessments.
  4. Plan for Tax Implications: Consider the tax implications of your business decisions, such as mergers, acquisitions or restructuring, and how they may impact your valuations.
  5. Seek Professional Advice: Consult with tax professionals or accounting firms experienced in Nigerian tax laws to navigate complex valuation challenges and optimize tax positions.


For growing companies in Nigeria, understanding the relationship between FIRS tax assessments and business valuation is essential. Accurate valuations not only ensure compliance with tax regulations but also enable informed business decisions and strategies. By addressing the challenges associated with business valuation and tax assessments and seeking expert advice when needed, growing companies can successfully navigate this intricate terrain, minimize tax liabilities and continue to thrive in the Nigerian business landscape.

For professional advice on Accountancy, Transfer Pricing, Tax, Assurance, Outsourcing, online accounting support, Company Registration, and CAC matters, please contact Sunmola David & CO (Chartered Accountants & Tax Practitioners) at Lagos, Ogun state Nigeria offices, You can also reach us via WhatsApp at +2348038460036.