FIRS’ Approach to Curbing Tax Evasion in Multinational Corporations.

Multinational companies | PPT


The global nature of business operations in the modern era has given rise to challenges in taxation, particularly concerning multinational corporations (MNCs). These entities, operating across borders, often navigate complex financial structures, creating opportunities for tax evasion. The Federal Inland Revenue Service (FIRS) in Nigeria is actively addressing these challenges, implementing strategic approaches to curb tax evasion in multinational corporations. This article delves into the specific challenges posed by tax evasion in MNCs and outlines FIRS’ initiatives to ensure tax compliance.

Challenges in Taxation of Multinational Corporations:

  1. Transfer Pricing Manipulation: MNCs can manipulate transfer pricing— the prices at which they trade goods, services, and intellectual property between subsidiaries—to shift profits to low-tax jurisdictions, reducing their overall tax liability.
  2. Use of Tax Havens: Some MNCs leverage tax havens to shield income from taxation, taking advantage of jurisdictions with favorable tax regimes and minimal reporting requirements.
  3. Complex Corporate Structures: The intricate corporate structures of MNCs can make it challenging for tax authorities to trace the flow of income, leading to potential gaps in tax assessment.

FIRS’ Strategic Approaches:

  1. Transfer Pricing Regulations: FIRS has implemented robust transfer pricing regulations aligned with international standards. These regulations require MNCs to conduct transactions with related entities at arm’s length prices, ensuring that profits are not artificially shifted to reduce tax liability.
  2. Country-by-Country Reporting (CbCR): FIRS mandates MNCs to submit country-by-country reports, providing detailed information about their global allocation of income, taxes paid, and other relevant economic indicators. This enhances transparency and enables FIRS to assess the appropriateness of profit allocation.
  3. International Collaboration: Recognizing the transnational nature of MNCs, FIRS collaborates with other tax authorities and participates in international initiatives such as the Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) project developed by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). This collaboration ensures a coordinated effort to tackle global tax challenges.
  4. Advanced Data Analytics: FIRS utilizes advanced data analytics tools to analyze large volumes of financial data. This includes scrutinizing the financial transactions and structures of MNCs to identify patterns and anomalies that may indicate potential tax evasion.
  5. Capacity Building: FIRS focuses on building internal capacity to effectively evaluate the complex financial structures employed by MNCs. This involves training tax officials and employing specialized expertise in international taxation.

Importance of Curbing Tax Evasion in MNCs:

  1. Revenue Generation: Curbing tax evasion in MNCs ensures that Nigeria receives its fair share of tax revenue from these entities, contributing to national development and public services.
  2. Fair Competition: Addressing tax evasion promotes fair competition among businesses. When all companies, irrespective of size or international presence, fulfill their tax obligations, it creates a level playing field.
  3. Strengthening the Rule of Law: FIRS’ efforts to enforce tax compliance in MNCs contribute to the strengthening of the rule of law. It sends a clear message that all entities, regardless of their global operations, are subject to Nigerian tax laws.


FIRS’ approach to curbing tax evasion in multinational corporations reflects a commitment to fostering a fair and transparent tax environment in Nigeria. By implementing regulations, fostering international collaboration, and leveraging advanced data analytics, FIRS aims to ensure that MNCs fulfill their tax obligations. As the global business landscape continues to evolve, FIRS remains at the forefront of efforts to create a tax system that encourages compliance, promotes economic growth, and ensures a just distribution of the tax burden.

For professional advice on Accountancy, Transfer Pricing, Tax, Assurance, Outsourcing, online accounting support, Company Registration, and CAC matters, please contact Sunmola David & CO (Chartered Accountants & Tax Practitioners) at Lagos, Ogun state Nigeria offices, You can also reach us via WhatsApp at +2348038460036.