Exploring the Implications of the Finance Act 2020 on Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Nigeria.


Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) plays a crucial role in driving economic growth, fostering technological advancements, and creating job opportunities. In Nigeria, the Finance Act 2020 has introduced significant changes that impact the investment landscape. This article delves into the implications of the Finance Act 2020 on FDI in Nigeria, highlighting the key considerations for foreign investors.

Enhancing the Investment Climate:

The Finance Act 2020 aims to create an attractive investment climate for foreign investors by introducing measures that streamline taxation, enhance transparency, and promote ease of doing business.

  • Incentives for Priority Sectors:

The Act introduces tax incentives for priority sectors such as agriculture, infrastructure, and renewable energy. Foreign investors in these sectors can benefit from reduced tax liabilities, encouraging more investment in areas critical for Nigeria’s development.

  • Pioneer Status Incentives:

The Act expands the scope of pioneer status incentives to include a broader range of industries. Foreign investors venturing into these industries can enjoy tax holidays and exemptions, providing a competitive advantage and encouraging FDI inflows.

  • Clarity in Taxation:

The Act clarifies various tax provisions, reducing ambiguity and enhancing predictability for foreign investors. This clarity is essential for making informed investment decisions and managing tax risks effectively.

  • Tax Treaties and Avoidance of Double Taxation:

The Act aligns with international tax standards, providing mechanisms to prevent double taxation. This offers foreign investors the confidence that their income will not be subject to excessive taxation in both Nigeria and their home country.

  • Digital Economy Provisions:

The Act introduces provisions related to the taxation of digital transactions, affecting multinational tech companies. Foreign tech investors need to be aware of these provisions to ensure compliance and mitigate any potential tax liabilities.

Challenges and Considerations:

  • Regulatory Compliance:

Foreign investors need to understand and comply with the changing tax regulations introduced by the Finance Act. Navigating the complexities of taxation can require professional assistance.

  • Transfer Pricing Regulations:

The Act introduces stricter transfer pricing regulations to prevent profit shifting. Foreign investors engaging in related-party transactions must ensure compliance with these regulations.

  • Impact on Cash Flow:

Although the Act offers incentives, some provisions might impact the cash flow of foreign investors. It’s essential to carefully assess the implications on investment returns.

  • Tax Planning:

Foreign investors should engage in effective tax planning to optimize their tax positions, leverage incentives, and minimize potential tax risks.


The Finance Act 2020 has introduced both opportunities and challenges for foreign direct investment in Nigeria. By offering incentives, enhancing transparency, and aligning with international tax standards, the Act aims to attract foreign investors to contribute to the country’s economic growth. However, foreign investors need to navigate the changing tax landscape, comply with regulations, and leverage expert advice for successful investment endeavors.

For professional advice on Accountancy, Transfer Pricing, Tax, Assurance, Outsourcing, online accounting support, Company Registration, and CAC matters, please contact Sunmola David & CO (Chartered Accountants & Tax Practitioners) at Lagos, Ogun state Nigeria offices, www.sunmoladavid.com . You can also reach us via WhatsApp at +2348038460036.