Evaluating the Impact of Nigeria Finance Acts on Government Revenue Mobilization


Government revenue mobilization is a critical aspect of sustaining economic development and providing essential public services in any country. In Nigeria, the government has implemented various Finance Acts over the years to optimize revenue collection and improve fiscal management. As a leading accounting firm in Nigeria, we assess the impact of these Finance Acts on government revenue mobilization and their implications for the nation’s economic growth and public welfare.

1. Broadening the Tax Base

One of the primary objectives of the Nigeria Finance Acts has been to broaden the tax base, bringing more taxpayers into the formal tax net. By expanding the scope of taxable activities, introducing taxes on foreign digital services, and reducing tax exemptions, the government has been able to capture revenue from previously untapped sources. This broadening of the tax base has resulted in increased revenue collection, providing the government with additional funds to finance public expenditure.

2. Strengthening Tax Enforcement

The Nigeria Finance Acts have taken measures to strengthen tax enforcement and curb tax evasion. Stricter penalties for non-compliance, the establishment of a tax tribunal for dispute resolution, and enhanced monitoring and enforcement mechanisms have improved tax compliance levels. This has led to increased revenue mobilization as more taxpayers adhere to their tax obligations, reducing revenue leakages.

3. Encouraging Voluntary Compliance

Through the Finance Acts, the government has sought to encourage voluntary tax compliance among taxpayers. By providing tax incentives for early tax payment, introducing tax credits for certain activities, and simplifying tax procedures, the government aims to motivate taxpayers to comply promptly and accurately. Voluntary compliance not only increases revenue collection but also fosters a positive relationship between taxpayers and tax authorities.

4. Supporting Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs)

The Nigeria Finance Acts have recognized the significance of SMEs in the economy and their potential to contribute to revenue mobilization. By providing tax incentives, such as exemptions and reduced tax rates, to support SME growth, the government stimulates economic activity and job creation. Increased economic activity among SMEs translates into higher tax revenues for the government.

5. Digital Taxation and Revenue Generation

With the growth of the digital economy, the Finance Acts have addressed digital taxation to capture revenue from online transactions. By introducing taxes on foreign digital services and electronic transactions, the government ensures that businesses operating in the digital sphere contribute their fair share of taxes. This move has boosted revenue mobilization from the expanding digital economy.

6. Evaluating the Impact of Nigeria Finance Acts on Government Revenue Mobilization

The impact of the Finance Acts on government revenue mobilization is intrinsically linked to the overall state of the economy. Factors such as economic growth, inflation rates, commodity prices, and global economic conditions influence revenue collection. In times of economic downturns, the government may need to strike a balance between raising revenue and supporting economic recovery.


The Nigeria Finance Acts have had a significant impact on government revenue mobilization, with measures designed to broaden the tax base, strengthen tax enforcement, encourage voluntary compliance, support SMEs, and address digital taxation. These reforms have resulted in increased revenue collection, providing the government with the means to finance public expenditure and invest in critical sectors to support economic growth and development.

As an accounting firm in Nigeria, we recognize the importance of staying informed about the evolving tax landscape and providing expert tax advisory services. By assisting businesses and individuals in navigating the complexities of the tax system, ensuring compliance, and optimizing their tax strategies, we contribute to the success of Nigeria’s revenue mobilization efforts and support the nation’s economic progress and welfare.

For professional advice on Accountancy, Transfer Pricing, Tax, Assurance, Outsourcing, Company Registration, and CAC matters, please contact Sunmola David & CO (Chartered Accountants & Tax Practitioners) at www.sunmoladavid.com. You can also reach us via WhatsApp at +2348038460036.