Environmental Sustainability Initiatives in the Nigeria Finance Act 2020: Paving the Way for a Greener Future


Environmental sustainability has become a critical global concern, and Nigeria is no exception to this growing awareness. In recognition of the urgent need to address environmental challenges, the Nigeria Finance Act of 2020 incorporated several pioneering initiatives to promote environmental sustainability and foster a greener future for the nation. In this article, we will explore the environmental sustainability initiatives introduced in the Nigeria Finance Act 2020 and their potential impact on businesses and the environment.

1. Green Tax Incentives for Renewable Energy

One of the standout features of the Nigeria Finance Act 2020 is the provision of green tax incentives to businesses that invest in renewable energy projects. The Act allows qualifying companies engaged in renewable energy production and distribution to enjoy tax exemptions and rebates. This initiative aims to incentivize the adoption of renewable energy sources, such as solar, wind, and biomass, while reducing the country’s reliance on fossil fuels. By supporting sustainable energy initiatives, Nigeria takes a significant stride towards curbing greenhouse gas emissions and mitigating the effects of climate change.

2. Tax Relief for Environmentally Friendly Companies

The Act encourages companies to adopt eco-friendly practices by providing tax relief to those implementing environmentally sustainable initiatives. Businesses that demonstrate a commitment to reducing their carbon footprint, such as investing in energy-efficient technologies, waste recycling, and sustainable supply chain practices, can benefit from tax deductions and credits. This approach not only rewards responsible environmental stewardship but also sets a precedent for the integration of sustainability into business operations across various industries.

3. Emission Control Levy

To further promote environmentally responsible practices, the Nigeria Finance Act 2020 introduced an Emission Control Levy targeted at companies engaged in activities with significant environmental impact. Companies operating in sectors known for high emissions, such as manufacturing and transportation, are subject to this levy based on their emissions output. The revenue generated from this levy is reinvested in environmental conservation efforts and initiatives aimed at combating air pollution and enhancing air quality in Nigeria.

4. Plastic Recycling Incentives

Recognizing the detrimental effects of plastic waste on the environment, the Act includes provisions to encourage plastic recycling. Plastic recycling companies are granted tax incentives and support to boost their operations. By incentivizing plastic recycling, the Act seeks to promote a circular economy and reduce the amount of plastic waste that ends up in landfills or polluting the oceans. This initiative aligns with Nigeria’s commitment to combat plastic pollution and create a cleaner, healthier environment for its citizens.


The Nigeria Finance Act 2020 represents a landmark step towards building an environmentally sustainable future for the nation. By incorporating various green tax incentives, emission control levies, and plastic recycling initiatives, the Act seeks to mobilize businesses and industries towards eco-friendly practices, fostering a culture of environmental responsibility.

These initiatives not only contribute to mitigating climate change and reducing environmental degradation but also present significant business opportunities. Companies that embrace sustainable practices and invest in renewable energy can benefit from tax savings and enhanced public perception, positioning themselves as leaders in their respective industries.

As an accounting firm in Nigeria, we are committed to helping businesses navigate these environmental sustainability initiatives within the framework of the Nigeria Finance Act 2020. Our expertise in tax planning and compliance ensures that our clients optimize the available green tax incentives while aligning their operations with sustainable practices.

Together, as a nation, we can embrace the vision of a greener, more sustainable future, where economic prosperity and environmental consciousness go hand in hand. Let us work together to build a legacy of environmental stewardship for generations to come.

For professional advice on Accountancy, Transfer Pricing, Tax, Assurance, Outsourcing, Company Registration, and CAC matters, please contact Sunmola David & CO (Chartered Accountants & Tax Practitioners) at www.sunmoladavid.com. You can also reach us via WhatsApp at +2348038460036.