Digital Economy and Taxation: Implications of the Nigeria Finance Act 2020


In the digital era, the digital economy has revolutionized the way businesses operate and consumers transact. Nigeria, like many countries, has recognized the need to address the taxation challenges arising from the growing digital economy. The Nigeria Finance Act of 2020 introduced key provisions to ensure that digital transactions are adequately taxed and to level the playing field for both traditional and digital businesses. As a leading accounting firm in Nigeria, we delve into the implications of the Finance Act 2020 on the taxation of the digital economy.

1. Expansion of Value Added Tax (VAT) to Digital Transactions:

One of the significant implications of the Finance Act 2020 is the expansion of VAT to include digital transactions conducted by foreign companies with Nigerian customers. Previously, many digital service providers were not subject to VAT in Nigeria due to their lack of physical presence in the country. With the new provisions, these companies are required to register for VAT and charge VAT on the digital services provided to Nigerian customers.

This expansion of VAT coverage ensures that digital businesses contribute their fair share of taxes, promoting tax fairness and revenue generation for the Nigerian government. However, it also poses compliance challenges for digital service providers, who must navigate the VAT registration process and adjust their billing systems to accommodate the VAT charges.

2. Digital Services Tax (DST):

The Act introduced the Digital Services Tax (DST) aimed at taxing foreign companies providing certain digital services to Nigerian consumers. The DST applies to companies with no physical presence in Nigeria but have significant economic presence, reaching a specified threshold of annual turnover from the provision of digital services to Nigerians.

Under the DST provisions, affected companies are required to register for tax purposes and remit DST at a rate of 2% of their gross revenue from qualifying digital services. The DST ensures that multinational digital service providers contribute to Nigeria’s tax revenue, reflecting their economic activities in the country.

3. Enhancing Tax Compliance in the Digital Economy:

The Finance Act 2020 also aims to enhance tax compliance in the digital economy. It mandates financial institutions to request and verify Tax Identification Numbers (TINs) from their account holders. This requirement aims to expand the tax base and improve tax compliance by encouraging individuals to obtain their TINs and be part of the formal tax system.

4. Digital Economy and Transfer Pricing:

The Finance Act 2020 includes provisions aligning Nigeria’s transfer pricing regulations with international best practices, as set by the organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). This ensures that related-party transactions involving digital businesses are conducted at arm’s length and that profits are not artificially shifted to low-tax jurisdictions, preventing Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS).


The Nigeria Finance Act of 2020 represents a proactive response to the challenges posed by the digital economy. By expanding VAT to digital transactions, introducing the Digital Services Tax (DST), enhancing tax compliance, and aligning transfer pricing regulations with international standards, the Act seeks to create a fair and transparent tax environment for both traditional and digital businesses.

As an accounting firm in Nigeria, we advise digital businesses to stay informed about the implications of the Finance Act 2020 and ensure compliance with the new tax regulations. Adhering to the Act’s provisions will not only contribute to Nigeria’s revenue generation efforts but also foster a level playing field for businesses across different sectors, driving economic growth and sustainable development in the digital economy.

For professional advice on Accountancy, Transfer Pricing, Tax, Assurance, Outsourcing, Company Registration, and CAC matters, please contact Sunmola David & CO (Chartered Accountants & Tax Practitioners) at You can also reach us via WhatsApp at +2348038460036.