Customs Duties and Trade Facilitation Measures in Nigeria Finance Act 2022.


Customs duties are a fundamental aspect of international trade, affecting the flow of goods across borders and impacting businesses’ cost structures. The Nigeria Finance Act 2022 introduces changes to customs duties and trade facilitation measures, aiming to enhance efficiency, transparency, and revenue generation within the Nigerian customs framework. In this article, we will delve into the key provisions related to customs duties and trade facilitation in the Nigeria Finance Act 2022.

  • Revised Customs Tariff Rates:

The Act introduces revisions to customs tariff rates for various goods. Some goods may experience increased duty rates, while others might see reductions. These changes impact the costs of importing goods into Nigeria.

Implication: Importers and exporters should review the new customs tariff rates and assess the impact on their supply chains, pricing strategies, and overall business operations.

  • Single Window System:

The Act emphasizes the establishment of a Single Window System for customs operations. This digital platform integrates various customs processes, allowing for streamlined and efficient clearance of goods.

Implication: Importers and exporters should familiarize themselves with the Single Window System and consider leveraging its benefits to expedite customs clearance processes.

  • Customs Valuation Rules:

The Act reinforces the importance of accurate customs valuation. Importers are required to provide complete and accurate information about the value of imported goods to determine appropriate customs duties.

Implication: Importers should ensure proper documentation and accurate valuation practices to prevent disputes with customs authorities and minimize potential penalties.

  • Authorized Economic Operator (AEO) Program:

The Act introduces the Authorized Economic Operator (AEO) program, which recognizes reliable and compliant traders with simplified customs procedures, reduced inspections, and expedited clearance.

Implication: Businesses engaged in international trade should explore the benefits of the AEO program and consider applying for AEO status to optimize customs processes.

  • Risk Management and Compliance:

The Act emphasizes risk management and compliance measures for customs operations. Customs authorities will focus on targeting high-risk shipments for inspections while facilitating the clearance of low-risk shipments.

Implication: Importers and exporters should adopt robust risk management practices and ensure compliance with customs regulations to avoid delays and penalties.

  • E-Commerce and Customs:

The Act acknowledges the growth of e-commerce and introduces provisions related to customs clearance for goods ordered online. These measures aim to facilitate the importation of e-commerce shipments.

Implication: Businesses engaged in e-commerce should stay informed about the customs procedures applicable to online purchases and ensure compliance with relevant regulations.


The Nigeria Finance Act 2022 introduces changes to customs duties and trade facilitation measures, reflecting the government’s commitment to enhancing transparency, efficiency, and revenue generation within the customs framework. Businesses engaged in international trade should prioritize understanding these changes, staying informed about customs tariff revisions, embracing digital solutions such as the Single Window System, and adopting compliant customs practices.

As a trusted accounting firm, we advise importers, exporters, and businesses engaged in international trade to leverage the opportunities presented by the Act’s provisions, enhance their customs operations, and contribute to a smoother, more efficient trade environment in Nigeria. By aligning with the new customs measures, businesses can optimize their supply chains, reduce costs, and navigate the complexities of international trade successfully.

For professional advice on Accountancy, Transfer Pricing, Tax, Assurance, Outsourcing, online accounting support, Company Registration, and CAC matters, please contact Sunmola David & CO (Chartered Accountants & Tax Practitioners) at Lagos, Ogun state Nigeria offices, . You can also reach us via WhatsApp at +2348038460036.