CIT and Tax Credits: Maximizing Benefits from Available Tax Credits for Nigerian Companies.


In the world of corporate taxation, companies are often focused on reducing their tax liability through various strategies. One powerful tool in the Nigerian tax system is the use of tax credits. Tax credits are a form of incentive offered to businesses to encourage specific activities or behaviors. They provide a direct reduction in the amount of tax a company owes, making them a valuable asset in tax planning. In this article, we will explore the concept of tax credits and how businesses can make the most of these incentives.

Understanding Tax Credits:

Tax credits are incentives provided by the government to encourage certain behaviors or activities deemed beneficial to the economy, society, or specific industries. Unlike tax deductions, which reduce taxable income, tax credits directly reduce the amount of tax a company owes. Therefore, they have a more substantial impact on lowering a company’s tax liability.

Types of Tax Credits in Nigeria:

  1. Investment Tax Credits: These credits encourage businesses to invest in specific industries or regions by providing tax relief based on the value of their investments.
  2. Research and Development (R&D) Credits: Companies engaged in research and development activities may qualify for tax credits to offset their R&D expenses.
  3. Export Promotion Incentives: Businesses involved in exporting goods and services may be eligible for tax credits to stimulate export activities.
  4. Renewable Energy and Environmental Credits: Companies investing in renewable energy projects or engaging in eco-friendly practices may benefit from tax credits.

Maximizing Tax Credit Benefits:

  1. Awareness and Eligibility: Companies should stay informed about available tax credits and assess their eligibility for each one.
  2. Documentation: Maintain accurate records and documentation related to activities that qualify for tax credits.
  3. Strategic Planning: Align business activities with tax credit incentives. For example, if investment tax credits are available, consider strategic investments in eligible sectors.
  4. Compliance: Ensure compliance with all CIT Act provisions related to tax credits, including reporting and documentation requirements.
  5. Professional Guidance: Engage tax experts who can help identify and leverage available tax credits for maximum benefit.

Benefits of Tax Credits:

  1. Reduced Tax Liability: Tax credits directly reduce the amount of tax a company owes, resulting in lower tax liabilities.
  2. Financial Incentives: Tax credits provide a financial incentive to engage in specific activities or industries, fostering economic growth.
  3. Competitive Advantage: Companies that utilize tax credits effectively may have a competitive advantage in their industries.
  4. Innovation and Investment: R&D and investment tax credits promote innovation and capital investment, driving business growth.


Tax credits are powerful tools that can significantly reduce a company’s tax liability while promoting activities that benefit the economy and society. Nigerian companies should proactively explore available tax credits, understand their eligibility, and align their business strategies to maximize these benefits.

For professional advice on Accountancy, Transfer Pricing, Tax, Assurance, Outsourcing, online accounting support, Company Registration, and CAC matters, please contact Sunmola David & CO (Chartered Accountants & Tax Practitioners) at Lagos, Ogun state Nigeria offices, . You can also reach us via WhatsApp at +2348038460036.