CIT and Infrastructure Projects: Tax Benefits for Companies Engaged in Development in Nigeria.

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Infrastructure development is a critical driver of economic growth and social progress in Nigeria. The government has recognized the importance of infrastructure projects and has introduced various tax incentives and benefits under the Companies Income Tax (CIT) Act to encourage private sector participation in infrastructure development. In this article, we will explore the key tax considerations and implications for companies involved in infrastructure projects in Nigeria.

Taxation of Infrastructure Projects:

  1. Companies Income Tax (CIT): Companies engaged in infrastructure development, including construction, real estate, and related activities, are subject to CIT, currently assessed at a rate of 30% of their taxable profits. Accurate determination of taxable income is essential, considering specific deductions and exemptions applicable to their operations.
  2. Value Added Tax (VAT): VAT may apply to certain services provided in the course of infrastructure development, such as consultancy and design services. It is important to assess the applicability of VAT to specific project activities.
  3. Withholding Tax (WHT): Payments made to contractors, subcontractors, and service providers may be subject to withholding tax deductions at varying rates, depending on the nature of the payment.
  4. Customs Duties: Importation of construction equipment, machinery, and materials may attract customs duties, which should be factored into project costs and budgeting.
  5. Tax Incentives: The Nigerian government offers various tax incentives for infrastructure projects, including tax holidays and capital allowances for eligible assets.

Tax Planning and Compliance:

To effectively manage tax obligations and optimize financial performance in infrastructure projects, companies in Nigeria should consider the following strategies:

  1. Accurate Record-Keeping: Maintain meticulous records of all financial transactions, including revenue, expenses, and tax deductions, to ensure compliance and facilitate accurate tax reporting.
  2. Project Structuring: Carefully structure project financing and operations to maximize available tax incentives and minimize tax liabilities.
  3. Compliance with Regulatory Standards: Adhere to regulatory standards and quality assurance requirements to ensure compliance with project-specific regulations.
  4. Transfer Pricing: If engaging in related-party transactions, comply with transfer pricing regulations to determine fair market values and prices for intercompany transactions.
  5. Professional Guidance: Seek advice from tax experts and legal counsel with expertise in infrastructure project tax regulations to navigate the complexities effectively.


Infrastructure development is crucial for economic growth and societal advancement in Nigeria. By understanding and effectively managing tax obligations, companies engaged in infrastructure projects can contribute to the country’s development while maintaining financial health and regulatory compliance. Aligning their tax strategies with the provisions of the CIT Act and other relevant regulations is essential for the success of infrastructure development initiatives in Nigeria.

For professional advice on Accountancy, Transfer Pricing, Tax, Assurance, Outsourcing, online accounting support, Company Registration, and CAC matters, please contact Sunmola David & CO (Chartered Accountants & Tax Practitioners) at Lagos, Ogun state Nigeria offices, You can also reach us via WhatsApp at +2348038460036.