CIT and Education Sector: Tax Implications for Educational Institutions and Training Centers in Nigeria.


The education sector in Nigeria plays a pivotal role in shaping the nation’s future by providing quality learning opportunities. Educational institutions, including schools, colleges, universities, and training centers, are central to this mission. However, it’s crucial for these institutions to understand and navigate the tax landscape under the Companies Income Tax (CIT) Act. In this article, we will explore the key tax considerations and implications for educational institutions and training centers operating in Nigeria.

Taxation of Educational Institutions:

  1. Companies Income Tax (CIT): Educational institutions registered as companies may be subject to CIT, currently assessed at a rate of 30% of their taxable profits. Accurate determination of taxable income is essential, taking into consideration specific deductions and exemptions applicable to their operations.
  2. Value Added Tax (VAT): VAT may apply to certain services provided by educational institutions, such as non-degree courses or consultancy services. The applicability of VAT depends on the nature of the service and the terms of the transaction.
  3. Withholding Tax (WHT): Payments made by educational institutions to suppliers, service providers, and contractors may be subject to withholding tax deductions, depending on the nature of the payment.

Taxation of Training Centers:

  1. CIT for Training Centers: Training centers that operate as companies are subject to CIT, similarly assessed at a rate of 30% of taxable profits.
  2. VAT for Training Centers: VAT may apply to training services offered by training centers, particularly non-academic or non-degree courses.
  3. Withholding Tax (WHT): Payments made by training centers to instructors, facilitators, or service providers may be subject to withholding tax deductions based on the nature of the payment.

Tax Planning and Compliance:

To effectively manage tax obligations and optimize financial performance in the education sector, educational institutions and training centers in Nigeria should consider the following strategies:

  1. Accurate Record-Keeping: Maintain meticulous records of all financial transactions, including revenue, expenses, and tax deductions, to ensure compliance and facilitate accurate tax reporting.
  2. Tax Planning: Engage in tax planning to structure financial activities in a manner that minimizes tax liabilities while remaining compliant with tax laws.
  3. VAT Compliance: Ensure accurate collection, remittance, and reporting of VAT on applicable services in compliance with VAT regulations.
  4. Withholding Tax Compliance: Deduct and remit withholding tax on payments to suppliers, service providers, and contractors in accordance with applicable tax rates and regulations.
  5. Exemption Applications: Explore opportunities for tax exemptions or incentives available to educational institutions or training centers based on specific criteria, such as nonprofit status or educational purposes.
  6. Professional Guidance: Seek advice from tax experts and legal counsel with expertise in the education sector to navigate the complexities of tax laws effectively.


Educational institutions and training centers in Nigeria are at the forefront of nurturing talent, skills, and knowledge. To continue their vital role in national development, these institutions must be mindful of their tax obligations under the CIT Act and other relevant regulations. By aligning their tax strategies with these provisions, they can navigate the tax landscape effectively while providing valuable educational opportunities to the nation’s citizens.

For professional advice on Accountancy, Transfer Pricing, Tax, Assurance, Outsourcing, online accounting support, Company Registration, and CAC matters, please contact Sunmola David & CO (Chartered Accountants & Tax Practitioners) at Lagos, Ogun state Nigeria offices, You can also reach us via WhatsApp at +2348038460036.